Heat Transfer Optimized Turbine Rotor Blades—An Experimental Study Using Transient Techniques

[+] Author and Article Information
J. H. Nicholson, A. E. Forest

Rolls-Royce Ltd., Derby, England

M. L. G. Oldfield, D. L. Schultz

Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 3PJ, England

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 106(1), 173-182 (Jan 01, 1984) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3239531 History: Received December 29, 1981; Online October 15, 2009


Conventionally, high-pressure turbine blading is optimized for aerodynamic performance without any film cooling applied to the surfaces of the blades. It is considered that modern boundary layer prediction technqiues are now sufficiently accurate to allow the heat transfer to be considered at the profile design stage. Two turbine rotor profiles were designed, each with a heat transfer optimized pressure surface, and a detailed experimental study using transient techniques in the Oxford cascade tunnel was made. The results show that significant reductions in pressure surface heat transfer can be achieved by boundary layer optimization without compromising the aerodynamic efficiency of the blades. A description of the profiles is given, together with transfer rate measurements, pressure distribution, and aerodynamic loss measurements (a technique devleoped to measure aerodynamic loss in a transient cascade is described) and flow visualization photographs.

Copyright © 1984 by ASME
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