Influence of Trailing-Edge Geometry on Hydraulic-Turbine-Blade Vibration Resulting From Vortex Excitation

[+] Author and Article Information
Gunnar Heskestad, D. R. Olberts

Research Laboratories, Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Company, Milwaukee, Wis.

J. Eng. Power 82(2), 103-109 (Apr 01, 1960) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3672718 History: Received November 24, 1958; Online January 10, 2012


A study was made to determine effects of trailing-edge geometry on the vortex-induced vibrations of a model blade designed to simulate the conditions at the trailing edge of a hydraulic-turbine blade. For the type of trailing-edge flow encountered, characterized by a thick boundary layer relative to the blade thickness, the vortex-shedding frequency could not be represented by any modification of the Strouhal formula. The amplitude of the induced vibrations increased with the strength of a vortex in the von Karman vortex street of the wake; one exception was provided by a grooved edge, which is discussed in some detail. For a particular approach velocity, the vortex strength is primarily a function of the ratio of distance between separation points to boundary-layer thickness, the degree of “shielding” between regions of vortex growth, and frequency of vortex shedding.

Copyright © 1960 by ASME
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