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RESEARCH PAPERS

Flow Losses in Abrupt Enlargements and Contractions

[+] Author and Article Information
R. P. Benedict, N. A. Carlucci, S. D. Swetz

Steam Divisions, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Lester, Pa.

J. Eng. Power 88(1), 73-81 (Jan 01, 1966) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3678482 History: Received June 24, 1965; Online January 10, 2012

Abstract

In this paper, we examine losses associated with compressible and constant-density fluids flowing across abrupt area changes in flow passages. The bases of the conventional constant-density loss coefficients for abrupt enlargements and contractions are first reviewed. A loss parameter based directly on the drop in total pressure is next introduced. Various compressible-flow solutions are then considered. Results are given of new experiments run with air and water flowing across abrupt area changes. The total-pressure-loss parameter is shown to have greater utility and validity than the usual loss coefficient for both compressible and constant-density flows.

Copyright © 1966 by ASME
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