Experimental Evaluation of Sorbents for Sulfur Control in a Coal-Fueled Gas Turbine Slagging Combustor

[+] Author and Article Information
L. H. Cowell, C. S. Wen, R. T. LeCren

Solar Turbines Incorporated, San Diego, CA 92138

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 114(1), 152-158 (Jan 01, 1992) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2906299 History: Received January 06, 1990; Online April 24, 2008


A slagging combustor has been used to evaluate three calcium-based sorbents for sulfur capture efficiency in order to assess their applicability for use in a coal-fueled gas turbine. Testing is completed in a bench-scale combustor with one-tenth the heat input needed for the full-scale gas turbine. The bench-scale rig is a two-stage combustor featuring a fuel-rich primary zone and a fuel-lean secondary zone. The combustor is operated at 6.5 bars with inlet air preheated to 600 K. Gas temperatures of 1840 K are generated in the primary zone and 1280 K in the secondary zone. Sorbents are either fed into the secondary zone or mixed with the coal-water mixture and fed into the primary zone. Dry powdered sorbents are fed into the secondary zone by an auger into one of six secondary air inlet ports. The three sorbents tested in the secondary zone include dolomite, pressure-hydrated dolomitic lime, and hydrated lime. Sorbents have been tested while burning coal-water mixtures with coal sulfur loadings of 0.56 to 3.13 weight percent sulfur. Sorbents are injected into the secondary zone at varying flow rates such that the calcium/sulfur ratio varies from 0.5 to 10.0. Hydrated lime exhibits the highest sulfur dioxide reductions in the exhaust of 90 percent. Pressure-hydrated dolomitic lime and dolomite reduce SO2 concentrations by 82 and 55 percent, respectively. Coal sulfur loading is found to have a small influence on sorbent sulfur capture efficiency. Pressure-hydrated dolomitic lime ground with the coal during coal-water mixture preparation and injected into the primary zone is found to lower the sulfur dioxide concentration by an insignificant amount.

Copyright © 1992 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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