Determination of Salt Deposition Rates From Drift From Evaporative Cooling Towers

[+] Author and Article Information
C. L. Hosler, J. Pena, R. Pena

The Pennsylvania State University, Department of Meteorology, University Park, Pa.

J. Eng. Power 96(3), 283-291 (Jul 01, 1974) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3445807 History: Received December 10, 1973; Online July 14, 2010


The purpose of this paper is to provide a method for estimating the deposition rate of the salt ejected in drift drops from a cooling tower in which salt water is circulated. The surface over which the salt will be distributed depends upon the wind speed, the maximum height the drops can reach, and the drop fall velocities. The drop fall velocity changes because of the evaporation in the air outside of the plume. The rate and extent of the evaporation is a function of the drop size, salt concentration, and ambient relative humidity. Three degrees of evaporation have been considered: (1) no evaporation; (2) evaporation to saturated solution and (3) evaporation to dry salt particles. For each degree of evaporation a graph was constructed that permits determination of the distance from the tower at which the salt contained in given drop size will fall. To use these graphs, the salt concentration, wind speed, and the maximum height a drop can reach must be known. The choice of the graph to be used for a particular case is made on the basis of humidity data for the site and the drift drop size. Corrections to compensate for the errors introduced by some of the assumptions are presented.

Copyright © 1974 by ASME
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