0
RESEARCH PAPERS

Particle Diagnostics and Turbulence Measurements in a Confined Isothermal Liquid Spray

[+] Author and Article Information
A. Breña de la Rosa, S. V. Sankar, G. Wang, W. D. Bachalo

Aerometrics, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA 94086

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 115(3), 499-506 (Jul 01, 1993) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2906736 History: Received February 06, 1992; Online April 24, 2008

Abstract

This work reports an experimental study of the behavior and structure of a liquid spray immersed in a strong swirling field. In order to simulate some of the aerodynamic conditions experienced by a spray in a model combustor, an experimental setup using an acrylic chamber, a vane type swirler, and separate air supplies for both the secondary air and the swirl air were integrated to perform the experiments in the wind tunnel. A vane-type swirler exhibiting a high swirl number was used to produce a strong recirculation flow field downstream of a pressure swirl atomizer. Properties of the dispersed phase such as velocity, size distribution, and size-velocity correlation were measured at several locations within the swirling flow field. In addition, mean velocity and turbulence properties were obtained for the gas phase. Flow visualization was performed with a laser sheet to gain further understanding of the formation and influence of the recirculation region on the spray. A two-component PDPA system with a frequency-based Doppler signal analyzer was used throughout the measurements, and proved most valuable in the toroidal vortex region where low SNR conditions and nonuniform concentration of seed particles prevail. The results show that flow reversal of the drops is present at this swirl intensity within the recirculation region at distances up to X/D = 2.0. Small variations of drop size distribution within the recirculation region are observed; however, large variations outside of it are also present. Plots of the normal Reynolds stresses and Reynolds shear stresses show double-peak radial distributions, which indicate regions in the flow where high mean velocity gradients and large shear forces are present. The decay of turbulence velocities in the axial direction was observed to be very fast, an indication of high diffusion and dissipation rates of the kinetic energy of turbulence.

Copyright © 1993 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Figures

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In