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RESEARCH PAPERS

Three-Dimensional Gas Turbine Combustor Emissions Modeling

[+] Author and Article Information
N. K. Rizk, H. C. Mongia

Allison Gas Turbine Division, General Motors Corporation, Indianapolis, IN 46206

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 115(3), 603-611 (Jul 01, 1993) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2906749 History: Received February 06, 1992; Online April 24, 2008

Abstract

An emission model that combines the analytical capabilities of three-dimensional combustor performance codes with mathematical expressions based on detailed chemical kinetic scheme is formulated. The expressions provide the trends of formation and/or the consumption of Nox , CO, and UHC in various regions of the combustor utilizing the details of the flow and combustion characteristics given by the three-dimensional analysis. By this means, the optimization of the combustor design to minimize pollutant formation and maintain satisfactory stability and performance could be achieved. The developed model was used to calculate the emissions produced by several engine combustors that varied significantly in design and concept, and operated on both conventional and high-density fuels. The calculated emissions agreed well with the measurements. The model also provided insight into the regions in the combustor where excessive emissions were formed, and helped to understand the influence of the combustor details and air admissions arrangement on reaction rates and pollutant concentrations.

Copyright © 1993 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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