0
RESEARCH PAPERS

First- and Second-Law Analysis of Steam-Turbine Cogeneration Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
M. A. Habib

Mechanical Engineering Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 116(1), 15-19 (Jan 01, 1994) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2906786 History: Received November 18, 1991; Online April 24, 2008

Abstract

The paper presents an analysis of a cogeneration plant. The performance of the plant is compared to a conventional plant with separate production of process heat and power. The analysis is first- and second-law based and, therefore, quantifies the irreversibilities of the different components of each plant. In the cogeneration plant, the heat required in the boiler can be obtained either from fuel firing (condensing or back-pressure turbine plant) or from exhaust gases of a simple gas turbine (gas turbine cogeneration plant). The present study compares the two methods. The influence of the heat-to-power ratio and the process pressure on the thermal efficiency, utilization factor, and irreversibilities of the different components of each plant is presented. The results show that the total irreversibility of the cogeneration plant is lower by 38 percent compared to the conventional plant. This reduction in the irreversibility is accompanied by an increase in the thermal efficiency and utilization factor by 25 and 24 percent, respectively. The results show that most irreversible losses are due to boiler.

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Figures

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In