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RESEARCH PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Combustion and Fuels

Low Emissions Combustor Development for an Industrial Gas Turbine to Utilize LCV Fuel Gas

[+] Author and Article Information
G. J. Kelsall, M. A. Smith

Coal Research Establishment, British Coal Corporation, Cheltenham, Glos, United Kingdom

M. F. Cannon

Aero and Technology Products, European Gas Turbines Limited, Lincoln, United Kingdom

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 116(3), 559-566 (Jul 01, 1994) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2906856 History: Received March 01, 1993; Online April 24, 2008

Abstract

Advanced coal-based power generation systems such as the British Coal Topping Cycle offer the potential for high-efficiency electricity generation with minimum environmental impact. An important component of the Topping Cycle program is the gas turbine, for which development of a combustion system to burn low calorific value coal derived fuel gas, at a turbine inlet temperature of 1260°C (2300°F), with minimum pollutant emissions, is a key R&D issue. A phased combustor development program is underway burning low calorific value fuel gas (3.6-4.1 MJ/m3 ) with low emissions, particularly NOx derived from fuel-bound nitrogen. The first phase of the combustor development program has now been completed using a generic tubo-annular, prototype combustor design. Tests were carried out at combustor loading and Mach numbers considerably greater than the initial design values. Combustor performance at these conditions was encouraging. The second phase of the program is currently in progress. This will assess, initially, an improved variant of the prototype combustor operating at conditions selected to represent a particular medium sized industrial gas turbine. This combustor will also be capable of operating using natural gas as an auxiliary fuel, to suit the start-up procedure for the Topping Cycle. The paper presents the Phase 1 test program results for the prototype combustor. Design of the modified combustor for Phase 2 of the development program is discussed, together with preliminary combustion performance results.

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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