Flow Field Coupling Between Compression System Components in Asymmetric Flow

[+] Author and Article Information
E. M. Greitzer, R. S. Mazzawy, D. A. Fulkerson

Compressor Group, Pratt & Whitney Aircraft, East Hartford, Conn.

J. Eng. Power 100(1), 66-72 (Jan 01, 1978) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3446328 History: Received December 13, 1976; Online July 14, 2010


The coupling between an axial compressor in an inlet distortion and downstream compression system components is studied analytically and experimentally. The analysis is based on a nonlinear multisegment parallel compressor model coupled to a calculation procedure for the asymmetric flowfield downstream of the compressor. It is shown that in the presence of circumferentially nonuniform flow (distortion) there can be a strong interaction between the compressor and its overall environment. The response of the compressor to an inlet total pressure distortion can therefore depend not only on the compressor, as has sometimes been assumed, but also on the other components in the compression system. Further, the alteration in the response as a result of the interaction can be either beneficial or detrimental, depending on the nature of the component. Experiments investigating this coupling have been carried out on a three stage compressor. The experiments, which involved operating the compressor with three quite different downstream components, show clearly the differences that can exist in compressor response to distortion due to the compressor-component coupling. The analytical predictions of these effects are found to be in good agreement with the experimental results.

Copyright © 1978 by ASME
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