Interaction of the Rotor Blade Shock Waves in Supersonic Compressors With Upstream Stator Vanes

[+] Author and Article Information
D. Favrat, P. Suter

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland

J. Eng. Power 100(1), 140-147 (Jan 01, 1978) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3446306 History: Received December 28, 1976; Online July 14, 2010


The shock waves formed at the leading edge of the rotor blades of a supersonic axial compressor with subsonic axial velocity move with these blades and simultaneously propagate upstream in the zone of the inlet guide vanes. These waves are diffracted and reflected on the vanes, inducing instationary pressure distributions which cause two main effects: a mean force on every vane corresponding to a supplementary flow deflection in the stator, and unsteady efforts on the vanes which may constitute a possible excitation of vibrations in bending and torsional modes. A good estimation of these effects is made from a complete analysis of the elementary case of the interaction between an ideal wave and an isolated stator vane. Optical Schlieren measurements confirm the theoretical analysis. The flow around the vanes and the oblique shock are generated, in a shock tube, by the same relatively strong shock, which is partly reflected on an oblique porous wall.

Copyright © 1978 by ASME
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