Measurement of Fan Vibration Using Double Pulse Holography

[+] Author and Article Information
B. S. Hockley, R. A. J. Ford, C. A. Foord

Advanced Research Laboratory, Rolls-Royce Ltd., Derby, England

J. Eng. Power 100(4), 655-663 (Oct 01, 1978) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3446414 History: Received December 22, 1977; Online July 14, 2010


Supersonic unstalled flutter in gas turbine fans is a self-excited instability in which mechanical vibrations give rise to unsteady aerodynamic forces which drive the mechanical vibration. The phenomenon is very sensitive to the deflected shapes of the blades and to the spatial and temporal phases of the blades’ responses. This paper is concerned with the measurement of vibrational behavior on static fans and relating it to flutter. Accurate detailed data on the blade and disk vibration mode shapes of fans up to 2.2 m diameter has been measured using double pulse laser holography. Both axial and tangential components of the blade mode shape are obtained by taking holograms from two directions. The analysis of the holograms is performed with the aid of a computer linked television system which generates the required blade mode shapes directly from the photographs of the hologram reconstructions. The disk mode measurements on real fans have shown the existence of pairs of spatially orthogonal vibration modes which have similar shapes (e.g. both 4D) but slightly different natural frequencies. This frequency split between modes means that the flutter wave will experience a cyclic variation in amplitude and propagation speed as it travels round the fan. In addition, the temporal phase angle between twist and flap in a single blade, which is generally assumed to be 90 deg, will vary from blade to blade.

Copyright © 1978 by ASME
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