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RESEARCH PAPERS: Advanced Energy Systems

High-Enthalpy Extraction Demonstration With Closed-Cycle Disk MHD Generators

[+] Author and Article Information
N. Harada, T. Suekane, K. Tsunoda, H. Yamasaki, S. Shioda

Dept. of Energy Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 227, Japan

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 118(1), 15-21 (Jan 01, 1996) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2816533 History: Received December 06, 1991; Revised November 23, 1992; Online November 19, 2007

Abstract

Recent results of high-enthalpy extraction experiments with closed-cycle MHD disk generators are described. Power generation experiments were carried out with two types of facility: the shock tube facility with the Disk-IV generator and the FUJI-1 blow-down facility. In the shock tube experiments, the effect of channel shape on generator performance was studied using helium seeded with cesium as working fluid. A more divergent channel shape was effective in sustaining a high Hall field throughout the channel and achieving high generator performance even under the strong MHD interaction. High-enthalpy extraction of 27.3 percent was achieved. Furthermore, these experimental results agree well with the results of one-dimensional calculations. In the FUJI-1 blow-down experiments, the effect of stagnation gas pressure on performance was studied with a working gas of seeded argon. The highest enthalpy extraction ratio of 15.7 percent was achieved with the lower stagnation pressure of 0.46 MPa, whereas the largest output power of 516.7 kW and power density of 70 MW/m3 were extracted with the nominal stagnation pressure of 0.6 MPa. This suggested the possibility of a part-load operation without significant degradation of generator performance by reducing stagnation pressure.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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