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RESEARCH PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Coal Utilization

A Coal-Fired Heat Exchanger for an Externally Fired Gas Turbine

[+] Author and Article Information
P. R. Solomon, M. A. Serio, J. E. Cosgrove, D. S. Pines, Y. Zhao

Advanced Fuel Research, Inc., 87 Church Street, East Hartford, CT 06108

R. C. Buggeln, S. J. Shamroth

Scientific Research Associates, Inc., 50 Nye Road, Glastonbury, CT 06033

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 118(1), 22-31 (Jan 01, 1996) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2816545 History: Received July 01, 1993; Online November 19, 2007

Abstract

Significant improvements in efficiency for electricity generation from coal can be achieved by cycles that employ a high-temperature, highly recuperative gas turbine topping cycle. The principal difficulty of employing a gas turbine in a coal-fired power generation system is the possible erosion and corrosion of the high-temperature rotating gas turbine components caused by the coal’s inorganic and organically bound constituents (ash, sulfur, and alkali metals). One route to overcome this problem is the development of an externally fired gas turbine system employing a coal fired heat exchanger. The solution discussed in this paper is the design of a Radiatively Enhanced, Aerodynamically Cleaned Heat-Exchanger (REACH-Exchanger). The REACH-Exchanger is fired by radiative and convective heat transfer from a moderately clean fuel stream and radiative heat transfer from the flame of a much larger uncleaned fuel stream, which supplies most of the heat. The approach is to utilize the best ceramic technology available for high-temperature parts of the REACH-Exchanger and to shield the high-temperature surfaces from interaction with coal minerals by employing clean combustion gases that sweep the tube surface exposed to the coal flame. This paper presents a combined experimental/computational study to assess the viability of the REACH-Exchanger concept. Experimental results indicated that the REACH-Exchanger can be effectively fired using radiation from the coal flame. Both computation and experiments indicate that the ceramic heat exchanger can be aerodynamically protected by a tertiary stream with an acceptably low flow rate.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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