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RESEARCH PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Combustion and Fuels

Studies of Lean Blowout in a Step Swirl Combustor

[+] Author and Article Information
M. D. Durbin, D. R. Ballal

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH 45469

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 118(1), 72-77 (Jan 01, 1996) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2816552 History: Received February 19, 1994; Online November 19, 2007

Abstract

The design requirements of a modern gas turbine combustor are increasingly dictated by wide stability limits, short flame length, and uniform mixing. To achieve the best trade-off between these three factors, flame characteristics (length, shape, mixedness), lean blowout (LBO), and optimum combustor configuration should be investigated over a wide range of inner and outer air velocities, inner and outer vane angles, and co- versus counterswirl arrangements. Such an investigation was performed in a step swirl combustor (SSC) designed to simulate the fuel–air mixing pattern in a gas turbine combustor dome fitted with an airblast atomizer. It was found that an increase in the outer vane angle and a decrease in inner air velocity decreased the flame length. LBO was improved when outer flow swirl intensity was increased. An optimum hardware and velocity configuration for the SSC was found for inner swirl = 45 deg, outer swirl = 60 deg, coswirl direction, and inner air velocity = outer air velocity = 16 m/s. This optimum SSC configuration yielded: (i) low values of LBO, (ii) short flame length, (iii) uniformly mixed stable flame, and (iv) little or no variation in these characteristics over the range of operation of SSC. Finally, the co- versus counterswirl arrangements and the operation of the optimized combustor configuration are discussed.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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