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RESEARCH PAPERS

An Axial Compressor End-Wall Boundary Layer Calculation Method

[+] Author and Article Information
J. De Ruyck

I W O N L, Dept. of Fluid Mechanics, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium

C. Hirsch

Dept. of Fluid Mechanics, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium

P. Kool

N F W O, Dept. of Fluid Mechanics, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium

J. Eng. Power 101(2), 233-245 (Apr 01, 1979) (13 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3446474 History: Received December 20, 1977; Online July 14, 2010

Abstract

An axial compressor end-wall boundary layer theory which requires the introduction of three-dimensional velocity profile models is described. The method is based on pitch-averaged boundary layer equations and contains blade force-defect terms for which a new expression in function of transverse momentum thickness is introduced. In presence of tip clearance a component of the defect force proportional to the clearance over blade height ratio is also introduced. In this way two constants enter the model. It is also shown that all three-dimensional velocity profile models present inherent limitations with regard to the range of boundary layer momentum thicknesses they are able to represent. Therefore a new heuristic velocity profile model is introduced, giving higher flexibility. The end-wall boundary layer calculation allows a correction of the efficiency due to end-wall losses as well as calculation of blockage. The two constants entering the model are calibrated and compared with experimental data allowing a good prediction of overall efficiency including clearance effects and aspect ratio. Besides, the method allows a prediction of radial distribution of velocities and flow angles including the end-wall region and examples are shown compared to experimental data.

Copyright © 1979 by ASME
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