RESEARCH PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Closed Cycles

Combined Helium and Combustion Gas Turbine Plant Exploiting Liquid Hydrogen (LH2) Physical Exergy

[+] Author and Article Information
G. Bisio

Energy and Conditioning Department, University of Genoa Via all’Opera Pia 15, A-16145 Genoa, Italy

A. Massardo, A. Agazzani

Machines and Energy Systems Institute, University of Genoa, Via Montallegro 1, 16145 Genoa, Italy

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 118(2), 257-264 (Apr 01, 1996) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2816586 History: Received March 16, 1995; Online November 19, 2007


The aim of this work is the energy and exergy analysis of a combined plant made up of a conventional gas turbine (heavy-duty or aeroderivative) and a closed helium turbine cycle, which exploits liquid hydrogen (LH2 ) as a lower energy source. A helium turbine with the characteristics of the fluid allows us to operate between the usual temperatures of the top turbine waste gas and those of the liquid hydrogen available. In this way the combined system reaches efficiency values greater than every combined system proposed to date. The work contains a detailed analysis of the relative entropy productions of the helium cycle and considerations about the realization and technological aspects of helium turbines.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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