RESEARCH PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Structures and Dynamics

Fatigue Crack Growth Behavior of PWA 1484 Single Crystal Superalloy at Elevated Temperatures

[+] Author and Article Information
J. Telesman

NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH 44135

L. J. Ghosn

Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44135

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 118(2), 399-405 (Apr 01, 1996) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2816603 History: Received April 05, 1995; Online November 19, 2007


A study was done to determine the fatigue crack growth behavior of a PWA 1484 single-crystal nickel-base superalloy in a temperature range of 427°C to 871°C. Two distinctive failure modes were observed, which were a function of both temperature and frequency. At lower temperatures and higher frequencies crack growth occurred on the {111} octahedral slip planes at an oblique angle to the loading direction. Higher temperatures and decrease in frequencies favored angle to the loading direction. Higher temperatures and decrease in frequencies favored a Mode I type failure process. The failure mode transitions were explained by invoking arguments based on environmental damage mechanisms. The fatigue crack growth rate data were analyzed using three different crack driving force parameters. The parameters investigated consisted of the Mode I stress intensity parameter corrected for the inclined crack trajectory, and two different octahedral Mode II parameters, which are based on the calculation of resolved shear stresses on the {111} slip systems. The Mode I ΔK parameter did a fair job in correlating the data but did not collapse it into a single narrow band. The two octahedral crack driving force parameters, ΔKRSS and a newly proposed ΔKOCT , collapsed all the data into a single narrow band. In addition to correlating the fatigue crack growth rates, the two octahedral parameters also predicted the {111} planes on which the crack growth took place.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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