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RESEARCH PAPERS

An Experimental Investigation of Film Cooling on a Turbine Rotor Blade

[+] Author and Article Information
R. P. Dring

Gas Turbine Technology, United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, Conn.

M. F. Blair, H. D. Joslyn

United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, Conn.

J. Eng. Power 102(1), 81-87 (Jan 01, 1980) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3230238 History: Received December 08, 1979; Online September 28, 2009

Abstract

Film cooling has been studied on the rotor blade of a large scale (low speed) model of a high pressure turbine first stage. Film coolant was discharged from single holes on the pressure and suction surfaces of the airfoil. For each blowing site the coolant to free stream mass flux ratio and density ratio were varied from 0.5 to 1.5 and from 1.0 to 4.0 respectively. Both surface flow visualization and local film cooling adiabatic effectiveness data were obtained. The observation was made that although it can have a strong radial component, the trajectory of the film coolant was very insensitive to coolant flow conditions. The existence of the radial component of the film coolant trajectory was found to have a strong impact on the nature of the effectiveness distribution. The data have been compared with data taken by other investigators on flat surfaces and in plane cascades. Agreement between the flat plate data and the suction surface data was reasonably good. However, the pressure surface results showed a much faster decay of the effectiveness than did the flat plate data due to effects thought to be related to both curvature and radial flow.

Copyright © 1980 by ASME
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