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RESEARCH PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Controls and Diagnostics

Parametric Modeling of Exhaust Gas Emission From Natural Gas Fired Gas Turbines

[+] Author and Article Information
L. E. Bakken, L. Skogly

Statoil, Norway

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 118(3), 553-560 (Jul 01, 1996) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2816683 History: Received March 16, 1995; Online November 19, 2007

Abstract

Increased focus on air pollution from gas turbines in the Norwegian sector of the North Sea has resulted in taxes on CO2 . Statements made by the Norwegian authorities imply regulations and/or taxes on NOx emissions in the near future. The existing CO2 tax of NOK 0.82/Sm3 (US Dollars 0.12/Sm3 ) and possible future tax on NOx are analyzed mainly with respect to operating and maintenance costs for the gas turbine. Depending on actual tax levels, the machine should be operated on full load/optimum thermal efficiency or part load to reduce specific exhaust emissions. Based on field measurements, exhaust emissions (CO2 , CO, NOx , N2 0, UHC, etc.) are established with respect to load and gas turbine performance, including performance degradation. Different NOx emission correlations are analyzed based on test results, and a proposed prediction model presented. The impact of machinery performance degradation on emission levels is particularly analyzed. Good agreement is achieved between measured and predicted NOx emissions from the proposed correlation. To achieve continuous exhaust emission control, the proposed NOx model is implemented to the on-line condition monitoring system on the Sleipner A platform, rather than introducing sensitive emission sensors in the exhaust gas stack. The on-line condition monitoring system forms an important tool in detecting machinery condition/degradation and air pollution, and achieving optimum energy conservation.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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