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RESEARCH PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Structures and Dynamics

Test Results of a New Damper Seal for Vibration Reduction in Turbomachinery

[+] Author and Article Information
J. M. Vance, J. Li

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 118(4), 843-846 (Oct 01, 1996) (4 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2817004 History: Received February 11, 1995; Online November 19, 2007

Abstract

A new type of labyrinth gas seal for damping vibration and whirl, called the TAMSEAL, has been evaluated in both nonrotating and rotating tests at Texas A&M University. Test results of the prototype, along with comparison tests of a conventional labyrinth seal, show up to 100 times more direct damping than the conventional bladed seal. The new design also has a feature that blocks swirl of the working fluid, which is known to be rotordynamically destabilizing in machines with conventional seals. Coastdown tests of the new seal were conducted at various pressures on a rotordynamic test apparatus with a critical speed at 4000 rpm and compared with identical testing of a conventional labyrinth seal. Rap tests of both seals were also conducted to measure the logarithmic decrement of free vibration, and the leakage of both seals was measured. Test results show large reductions in peak vibration at the critical speed in all cases, with the critical speed being completely eliminated by the TAMSEAL at some pressure drop conditions. The leakage rate of the tested TAMSEAL is higher than the conventional seal at the same clearance, but the large reductions in vibration and whirl amplitudes suggest that the TAMSEAL could be operated with smaller clearances than conventional labyrinth seals.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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