RESEARCH PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Combustion and Fuels

Variables Affecting NOx Formation in Lean-Premixed Combustion

[+] Author and Article Information
R. C. Steele, A. C. Jarrett, P. C. Malte, J. H. Tonouchi, D. G. Nicol

University of Washington, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Seattle, WA 98195

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 119(1), 102-107 (Jan 01, 1997) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2815532 History: Received February 10, 1995; Online November 19, 2007


The formation of NOx in lean-premixed, high-intensity combustion is examined as a function of several of the relevant variables. The variables are the combustion temperature and pressure, fuel type, combustion zone residence time, mixture inlet temperature, reactor surface-to-volume ratio, and inlet jet size. The effects of these variables are examined by using jet-stirred reactors and chemical reactor modeling. The atmospheric pressure experiments have been completed and are fully reported. The results cover the combustion temperature range (measured) of 1500 to 1850 K, and include the following four fuels: methane, ethylene, propane, and carbon monoxide/hydrogen mixtures. The reactor residence time is varied from 1.7 to 7.4 ms, with most of the work done at 3.5 ms. The mixture inlet temperature is taken as 300 and 600 K, and two inlet jet sizes are used. Elevated pressure experiments are reported for pressures up to 7.1 atm for methane combustion at 4.0 ms with a mixture inlet temperature of 300 K. Experimental results are compared to chemical reactor modeling. This is accomplished by using a detailed chemical kinetic mechanism in a chemical reactor model, consisting of a perfectly stirred reactor (PSR) followed by a plug flow reactor (PFR). The methane results are also compared to several laboratory-scale and industrial-scale burners operated at simulated gas turbine engine conditions.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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