Full Coverage Film-Cooled Blading in High Temperature Gas Turbines: Cooling Effectiveness, Profile Loss and Thermal Efficiency

[+] Author and Article Information
H. Hempel, R. Friedrich, S. Wittig

University of Karlsruhe, Institute of Thermal Turbomachinery, West Germany

J. Eng. Power 102(4), 957-963 (Oct 01, 1980) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3230367 History: Received December 10, 1979; Online September 28, 2009


Extending data obtained from hot gas cascade measurements on the cooling effectiveness and profile loss coefficients of full coverage film-cooled blading, use is made of similarity considerations to determine the heat transfer characteristics under actual engine conditions. Of primary interest are stationary gas turbines. Calculations are made for a four-stage single shaft gas turbine with air preheat and common component efficiencies. As a representative result it is found that for a pressure ratio of π = 10 a relative cooling air flow of approximately 8 percent will be required in rising the temperature from 1173 to 1573 K. The resulting relative improvement of the thermal efficiency is 24 percent and that of the specific work about 70 percent.

Copyright © 1980 by ASME
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