RESEARCH PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Industrial and Cogeneration

Split Stream Boilers for High-Temperature/High-Pressure Topping Steam Turbine Combined Cycles

[+] Author and Article Information
I. G. Rice

Spring, TX 77373

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 119(2), 385-394 (Apr 01, 1997) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2815586 History: Received February 08, 1995; Online November 19, 2007


Research and development work on high-temperature and high-pressure (up to 1500°F TIT and 4500 psia) topping steam turbines and associated steam generators for steam power plants as well as combined cycle plants is being carried forward by DOE, EPRI, and independent companies. Aeroderivative gas turbines and heavy-duty gas turbines both will require exhaust gas supplementary firing to achieve high throttle temperatures. This paper presents an analysis and examples of a split stream boiler arrangement for high-temperature and high-pressure topping steam turbine combined cycles. A portion of the gas turbine exhaust flow is run in parallel with a conventional heat recovery steam generator (HRSG). This side stream is supplementary fired opposed to the current practice of full exhaust flow firing. Chemical fuel gas recuperation can be incorporated in the side stream as an option. A significant combined cycle efficiency gain of 2 to 4 percentage points can be realized using this split stream approach. Calculations and graphs show how the DOE goal of 60 percent combined cycle efficiency burning natural gas fuel can be exceeded. The boiler concept is equally applicable to the integrated coal gas fuel combined cycle (IGCC).

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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