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RESEARCH PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Combustion and Fuels

Mixing of Multiple Jets With a Confined Subsonic Crossflow: Part I—Cylindrical Duct

[+] Author and Article Information
J. D. Holdeman

NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH 44135

D. S. Liscinsky

United Technologies Research Center, E. Hartford, CT 06108

V. L. Oechsle

Allison Engine Company, Indianapolis, IN 46206

G. S. Samuelsen

University of California, Irvine, CA 92717

C. E. Smith

CFD Research Corporation, Huntsville, AL 35805

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 119(4), 852-862 (Oct 01, 1997) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2817065 History: Received February 01, 1996; Online November 19, 2007

Abstract

This paper summarizes NASA-supported experimental and computational results on the mixing of a row of jets with a confined subsonic crossflow in a cylindrical duct. The studies from which these results were excerpted investigated flow and geometric variations typical of the complex three-dimensional flowfield in the combustion chambers in gas turbine engines. The principal observations were that the momentum-flux ratio and the number of orifices were significant variables. Jet penetration was critical, and jet penetration decreased as either the number of orifices increased or the momentum-flux ratio decreased. It also appeared that jet penetration remained similar with variations in orifice size, shape, spacing, and momentum-flux ratio when the number of orifices was proportional to the square root of the momentum-flux ratio. In the cylindrical geometry, planar variances are very sensitive to events in the near-wall region, so planar averages must be considered in context with the distributions. The mass-flow ratios and orifices investigated were often very large (mass-flow ratio >1 and ratio of orifice area-to-mainstream cross-sectional area up to 0.5), and the axial planes of interest were sometimes near the orifice trailing edge. Three-dimensional flow was a key part of efficient mixing and was observed for all configurations. The results shown also seem to indicate that nonreacting dimensionless scalar profiles can emulate the reacting flow equivalence ratio distribution reasonably well. The results cited suggest that further study may not necessarily lead to a universal “rule of thumb” for mixer design for lowest emissions, because optimization will likely require an assessment for a specific application.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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