Sizing Safety Valve Vent Pipes for Saturated Steam

[+] Author and Article Information
H. E. Brandmaier

Burns and Roe, Inc., Paramus, N.J.

J. Eng. Power 104(1), 247-251 (Jan 01, 1982) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3227258 History: Received July 21, 1981; Online September 28, 2009


An earlier one-dimensional ideal gas analysis was changed to incorporate equilibrium properties of steam as given by the 1967 ASME steam tables. A generalized procedure based on pressure and entropy as independent variables is used to calculate choked flow conditions at the valve orifice, valve pipe outlet and vent pipe outlet. At the third location, the results are independent of whether flow in the vent pipe is supersonic or subsonic. An integral method is used to calculate the vent pipe length required to choke the flow. Computed data are compared with ideal gas data. The vent pipe size, to prevent blowback into the powerplant, is less conservative using real steam data. The flow properties, particularly specific volume, are significantly different.

Copyright © 1982 by ASME
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