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RESEARCH PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Combustion and Fuels

The Applicability of Jet-Shear-Layer Mixing and Effervescent Atomization for Low-NOx Combustors

[+] Author and Article Information
R. O. Colantonio

NASA Lewis Research Center, 21000 Brookpark Road, Mail Stop 500-115, Cleveland, OH 44135

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 120(1), 17-23 (Jan 01, 1998) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2818073 History: Received October 22, 1995; Online November 19, 2007

Abstract

An investigation has been conducted to develop appropriate technologies for a low-NOx , liquid-fueled combustor. The combustor incorporates an effervescent atomizer used to inject fuel into a premixing duct. Only a fraction of the combustion air is used in the premixing process. This fuel-rich mixture is introduced into the remaining combustion air by a rapid jet-shear-layer mixing process involving radial fuel–air jets impinging on axial air jets in the primary combustion zone. Computational modeling was used as a tool to facilitate a parametric analysis appropriate to the design of an optimum low-NOx combustor. A number of combustor configurations were studied to assess the key combustor technologies and to validate the three-dimensional modeling code. The results from the experimental testing and computational analysis indicate a low-NOx potential for the jet-shear-layer combustor. Key features found to affect NOx emissions are the primary combustion zone fuel–air ratio, the number of axial and radial jets, the aspect ratio and radial location of the axial air jets, and the radial jet inlet hole diameter. Each of these key parameters exhibits a low-NOx point from which an optimized combustor was developed. Also demonstrated was the feasibility of utilizing an effervescent atomizer for combustor application. Further developments in the jet-shear-layer mixing scheme and effervescent atomizer design promise even lower NOx with high combustion efficiency.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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