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RESEARCH PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Structures and Dynamics

High-Speed Rotor Losses in a Radial Eight-Pole Magnetic Bearing: Part 1—Experimental Measurement

[+] Author and Article Information
M. E. F. Kasarda, P. E. Allaire, E. H. Maslen, G. T. Gillies

Department of Mechanical, Nuclear, and Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903

G. R. Brown

NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH 44135

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 120(1), 105-109 (Jan 01, 1998) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2818059 History: Received February 01, 1996; Online November 19, 2007

Abstract

The continual increase in the use of magnetic bearings in various capacities, including high-speed aerospace applications such as jet engine prototypes, dictates the need to quantify power losses in this type of bearing. The goal of this study is to present experimentally measured power losses during the high-speed operation of a pair of magnetic bearings. A large-scale test rotor has been designed and built to obtain unambiguous power loss measurements while varying a variety of test parameters. The test apparatus consists of a shaft supported in two radial magnetic bearings and driven by two electric motors also mounted on the shaft. The power losses of the spinning rotor are determined from the time rate of change of the kinetic energy of the rotor as its angular speed decays during free rotation. Measured results for the first set of magnetic bearings, a pair of eight-pole planar radial bearings, are presented here. Data from three different parameter studies including the effect of the bias flux density, the effect of the bearing pole configuration, and the effect of the motor stator on the power loss are presented. Rundown plots of the test with the bearings in the paired pole (NNSS) versus the alternating (NSNS) pole configuration show only small differences, with losses only slightly higher when the poles are in the alternating pole (NSNS) configuration. Loss data were also taken with the motor stators axially removed from the motor rotors for comparison with the case where the motor stators are kept in place. No measurable difference was observed between the two cases, indicating negligible windage and residual magnetic effects. Throughout most of the speed range, the dominant loss mechanism appears to be eddy currents.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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