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RESEARCH PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Combustion and Fuels

Aspects of Jet Fuel Oxidation

[+] Author and Article Information
S. Zabarnick, S. D. Whitacre

University of Dayton Research Institute, Aerospace Mechanics Division, 300 College Park/KL 463, Dayton, OH 45469-0140

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 120(3), 519-525 (Jul 01, 1998) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2818177 History: Received March 07, 1997; Online November 19, 2007

Abstract

A quartz crystal microbalance (QCM)/Parr bomb system with a headspace oxygen sensor is used to measure oxidation and deposition during thermal oxidative stressing of jet fuel. The advantages of the oxygen sensor technique in monitoring fuel oxidation is demonstrated. Simultaneous measurement of deposition using the QCM shows a strong correlation between oxidation and deposition in jet fuels. Studies performed over the temperature range 140 to 180°C show that surface deposition peaks at an intermediate temperature, while bulk deposition increases with temperature. In studies of jet fuel antioxidants, we find that rapid increases in oxidation rate occur upon consumption of the antioxidant. The antioxidant appears to be consumed by reaction with alkylperoxy radicals. In studies of metal deactivator (MDA) additives, we find that MDA is consumed during thermal stressing, and this consumption results in large increases in the oxidation rate of metal containing fuels. Mechanisms of MDA consumption are hypothesized.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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