RESEARCH PAPERS: Internal Combustion Engines: Spark Ignition

Oil Layer as Source of Hydrocarbon Emissions in SI Engines

[+] Author and Article Information
K. Min, W. K. Cheng

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sloan Automotive Lab, Bldg. 31-165, Cambridge, MA 02139-4307

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 120(3), 669-677 (Jul 01, 1998) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2818198 History: Received November 21, 1997; Online November 19, 2007


The role of lubrication oil film on the cylinder liner as a source of hydrocarbon emissions in spark-ignition engines is assessed. First, the “source strength” is examined via an analytical model of the gasoline vapor absorption/desorption process. The solution shows that depending on engine operating conditions, there are three regimes. The process could be (1) limited by the gas side diffusion process, (2) limited by the liquid phase diffusion process, with the absorbed fuel fully penetrating the oil layer thickness (thin oil film regime), and (3) again limited by the liquid phase diffusion process, but with the absorbed fuel penetration depth small compared to the oil layer thickness (thick oil film regime). In regime (1), the source strength (the integrated absorption or desorption flux over one cycle) is proportional to the inverse of the square root of the rpm, but independent of oil layer parameters. In regimes (2), the strength is proportional to the oil film thickness divided by the Henry’s constant. In regime (3), the strength is independent of the oil film thickness, but is proportional to the fuel penetration depth divided by the Henry’s constant. Then, the oxidation of the desorbed fuel (using iso-octane as fuel) is examined with a one-dimensional reaction/diffusion model. The novel feature of the model is that the desorbed fuel is being exposed to the piston crevice hydrocarbon, which is laid along the liner as the piston descends. At stoichiometric conditions, the oxidation of the crevice HC is reduced by the presence of the desorbed HC from the oil layer.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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