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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Internal Combustion Engines

Thermal Response of Automotive Hydrocarbon Adsorber Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
G. C. Koltsakis, A. M. Stamatelos

Mechanical Engineering Department, Aristotle University Thessaloniki, 540 06 Thessaloniki, Greece

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 122(1), 112-118 (Jun 09, 1999) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.483182 History: Received January 17, 1998; Revised June 09, 1999
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

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Abthoff, J., Kemmler, R., Klein, H., Matt, M., Robota, H. J., Wolsing, W., Wiehl, J., and Dunne, S. R., 1998, “Application of In-Line Hydrocarbon Adsorber Systems,” SAE Paper 980422.
Noda, N., Takahashi, A., Shibagaki, Y., and Mizuno, H., 1998, “In-Line Hydrocarbon Adsorber for Cold Start Emissions—Part II,” SAE Paper 980423.
Patil, M. D., Peng, L. Y., and Morse, K. E., 1998, “Airless In-Line Adsorber System for Reducing Cold Start HC Emissions,” SAE Paper 980419.
Silver, R. G., Dou, D., Kirby, C. W., Richmond, R. P., Balland, J., and Dunne, S., 1997, “A Durable In-Line Hydrocarbon Adsorber for Reduced Cold Start Exhaust Emissions,” SAE Paper 972843.
Buhrmaster, C. L., Locker, R. J., Patil, M. D., Nagel, J. N., and Socha, L. S., 1997, “Evaluation of In-Line Adsorber Technology,” SAE Paper 970267.
Wendland, D. W., and Matthes, W. R., 1986, “Visualization of Automotive Catalytic Converter Internal Flows,” SAE Paper 861554.
Lai,  M. C., Lee,  T., Kim,  J. Y., Cheng,  C. Y., Li,  P., and Chui,  G., 1992, “Numerical and Experimental Characterizations of Automotive Catalytic Converter Internal Flows,” J. Fluids Struct. 6, pp. 451–470.
Mondt, J. R., 1987, “Adapting the Heat and Mass Transfer Analogy to Model Performance of Automotive Catalytic Converters,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 109 .
Blevins, R. D., 1984, Applied Fluid Dynamics Handbook, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York.
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Waermeatlas, 1988, VDI-Verlag GmbH, Duesseldorf.
Will, N. S., and Bennett, C. J., 1992, “Flow Maldistributions in Automotive Converter Canisters and Their Effect on Emission Control,” SAE Paper 922339.
Koltsakis, G. C., Konstantinidis, P. A., and Stamatelos, A. M., 1997, “Development and Application Range of Mathematical Models for 3-Way Catalytic Converters,” Applied Catalysis-B: Environmental, 12, pp. 161–191.
Koltsakis,  G. C., 1997, “Warm-Up Behavior of Monolithic Reactors Under Non-reacting Conditions,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 52, No. 17, pp. 2891–2899.
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Koltsakis,  G. C., Kandylas,  I. P., and Stamatelos,  A. M., 1998, “Three-Way Catalytic Converter Modeling and Applications,” Chem. Eng. Commun., 164, pp. 153–189.
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Figures

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Arrangement of a typical hydrocarbon adsorber system
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Typical flow rate and temperature versus time in the standard federal test procedure (FTP)
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Isothermal test: computed axial velocity for different central passage diameters (dcp=0, 20, 35 mm)
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Isothermal test: relative flow through central passage for different flow rates; (T=300 K)
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Step response test: temperature fields at selected times (dcp=20 mm)
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Step response test: temperature fields at time=40 s for different central passage diameters (dcp=0, 20, 35 mm)
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Step response test: exhaust gas temperature at the HC adsorber exit at two points (dcp=0,20,35 mm)
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Driving cycle simulation: computed exhaust gas temperature at main converter inlet at two points (dcp=0, 20, 35 mm)

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