TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Aircraft

Pioneering Turbojet Developments of Dr. Hans Von Ohain—From the HeS 1 to the HeS 011

[+] Author and Article Information
Cyrus B. Meher-Homji

Bechtel Corporation, Houston, TX 77252

Erik Prisell

Defence Materiel Administration (FMV), Stockholm, Sweden

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 122(2), 191-201 (Jan 03, 2000) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.483194 History: Received March 09, 1999; Revised January 03, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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Constant, E. W., II, 1980, The Origins of the Turbojet Revolution, Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, Baltimore, MD.
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von Ohain, H., 1979, “The Evolution and Future of Aeropropulsion Systems,” The Jet Age–40 Years of Jet Aviation, Walter J. Boyne and Donald S. Lopez, eds., Smithsonian Institute, Washington, DC.
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von Ohain, H., 1989, talk made at the 50th Anniversary of Jet Powered Flight, video cassette, Vol. No. 1, AIAA, Dayton Chapter.
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Neville, L. E., and Silsbee, N. F., 1948, Jet Propulsion Progress, McGraw Hill Inc, New York.
Hirth Motoren G.m.b.H. Report, 1944, VEW 1-139, “Schwingungsuntersuchungen an der He S 11-Turbine V1 aund V6 mit Vollschaufeln,” dated Jan 31, 1944; Max Bentele Papers, American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY.
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Combustor section of the HeS 3B
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Radial inflow turbine of the HeS 3B
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Performance characteristics of the He S3B
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The He 178—world’s first jet powered aircraft
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The graceful twin engined He 280 jet fighter powered by von Ohain’s HeS 8 engines
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The Heinkel Hirth HeS 011 engine
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Layout of the advanced HeS 011 engine 15
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Compressor section of the HeS 011 14
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Details of the HeS 011 2 stage air cooled turbine section 14
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Some rear bearing support strut arrangements evaluated in resolving blade vibration problem
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Bentele diagram showing excitation and natural frequencies 16
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Ingenious method of developing air cooled turbine blade starting with a circular plate 25 mm diam
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Photograph of three jet engine pioneers taken in 1978. Left to right, Sir Frank Whittle, Dr. Hans von Ohain, and Dr. Max Bentele 14.
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Timeline showing German jet engine development program and operational and planned turbojet aircraft
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Prototype model (1934) which did not self sustain
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HeS 1 Demonstrator run on hydrogen fuel
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Patent drawing of Hahn showing combustor located in front of centrifugal compressor
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Layout of the HeS 3B flight engine 10
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Inlet section of the HeS 3B showing inducer and centrifugal compressor




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