TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Aircraft

Pioneering Turbojet Developments of Dr. Hans Von Ohain—From the HeS 1 to the HeS 011

[+] Author and Article Information
Cyrus B. Meher-Homji

Bechtel Corporation, Houston, TX 77252

Erik Prisell

Defence Materiel Administration (FMV), Stockholm, Sweden

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 122(2), 191-201 (Jan 03, 2000) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.483194 History: Received March 09, 1999; Revised January 03, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Constant, E. W., II, 1980, The Origins of the Turbojet Revolution, Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, Baltimore, MD.
Schlaifer, R., 1950, Development of Aircraft Engines, Graduate School of Business Administration, Harvard University, Boston, MA.
von Ohain, H., 1979, “The Evolution and Future of Aeropropulsion Systems,” The Jet Age–40 Years of Jet Aviation, Walter J. Boyne and Donald S. Lopez, eds., Smithsonian Institute, Washington, DC.
Scott, P., 1995, “Birth of the Jet Engine,” Mechanical Engineering, January, ASME, New York, pp. 66–71.
Jones, G., 1989, The Birth of Jet Powered Flight, Methuen, London.
Meher-Homji, C. B., 1998, “The Development of the Whittle Turbojet,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 120 , No. 2, ASME, New York.
Heinkel, E., 1956, Stormy Life–Memoirs of a Pioneer of the Air Age, E. P. Dutton and Co., New York.
Meher-Homji, C. B., 1997, “The Development of the Junkers Jumo 004B-the World’s First Production Turbojet,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 119 , No. 4, ASME, New York.
von Ohain, H., 1989, talk made at the 50th Anniversary of Jet Powered Flight, video cassette, Vol. No. 1, AIAA, Dayton Chapter.
Bamford, L. P., and Robinson, S. T., 1945, “Turbine Engine Activity at Ernst Heinkel Atiengesellschaft Werk Hirth-Motoren, Stuttgart/Zuffenhausen,” report by the Combined Intelligence Objectives Sub-Committee dated May 1945.
Gunston, B., 1995, The Development of Jet and Turbine Aero Engines, Patrick Stephens, Ltd., UK.
Carter, J. L., 1945, Ernst Heinkel Jet Engines, Aeronautical Engine Laborotory (AEL), Naval Air Experimental Station, Bureau of Aeronautics, US Navy, June, 1945.
An Encounter Between the Jet Engine Inventors Sir Frank Whittle and Dr. Hans von Ohain, 1978, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH, History Office, Aeronautical Systems Division, US Air Force Systems Command.
Bentele, M., 1991, Engine Revolutions: The Autobiography of Max Bentele, Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA.
Neville, L. E., and Silsbee, N. F., 1948, Jet Propulsion Progress, McGraw Hill Inc, New York.
Hirth Motoren G.m.b.H. Report, 1944, VEW 1-139, “Schwingungsuntersuchungen an der He S 11-Turbine V1 aund V6 mit Vollschaufeln,” dated Jan 31, 1944; Max Bentele Papers, American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY.
Hirth Moteren G.m.b.H. Report, 1944, VEW 1-140, “Untersuchung der Fussbefestigung von Topf-und Falt-schaufeln durch Kaltschleuderprufung,” dated April 16, 1944; Max Bentele Papers, American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY.


Grahic Jump Location
Timeline showing German jet engine development program and operational and planned turbojet aircraft
Grahic Jump Location
Prototype model (1934) which did not self sustain
Grahic Jump Location
HeS 1 Demonstrator run on hydrogen fuel
Grahic Jump Location
Patent drawing of Hahn showing combustor located in front of centrifugal compressor
Grahic Jump Location
Layout of the HeS 3B flight engine 10
Grahic Jump Location
Inlet section of the HeS 3B showing inducer and centrifugal compressor
Grahic Jump Location
Combustor section of the HeS 3B
Grahic Jump Location
Radial inflow turbine of the HeS 3B
Grahic Jump Location
Performance characteristics of the He S3B
Grahic Jump Location
The He 178—world’s first jet powered aircraft
Grahic Jump Location
The graceful twin engined He 280 jet fighter powered by von Ohain’s HeS 8 engines
Grahic Jump Location
The Heinkel Hirth HeS 011 engine
Grahic Jump Location
Layout of the advanced HeS 011 engine 15
Grahic Jump Location
Compressor section of the HeS 011 14
Grahic Jump Location
Details of the HeS 011 2 stage air cooled turbine section 14
Grahic Jump Location
Some rear bearing support strut arrangements evaluated in resolving blade vibration problem
Grahic Jump Location
Bentele diagram showing excitation and natural frequencies 16
Grahic Jump Location
Ingenious method of developing air cooled turbine blade starting with a circular plate 25 mm diam
Grahic Jump Location
Photograph of three jet engine pioneers taken in 1978. Left to right, Sir Frank Whittle, Dr. Hans von Ohain, and Dr. Max Bentele 14.



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In