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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Coal, Biomass, and Alternative Fuels

Preliminary Economics of Black Liquor Gasifier/Gas Turbine Cogeneration at Pulp and Paper Mills

[+] Author and Article Information
Eric D. Larson, Thomas G. Kreutz

Center for Energy and Environmental Studies, School of Engineering and Applied Science, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540

Stefano Consonni

Departimento di Energetica, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 122(2), 255-261 (Jan 03, 2000) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.483203 History: Received March 18, 1998; Revised January 03, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

AFPA, 1996, Fact Sheet on 1994 Energy Use in the U.S. Pulp and Paper Industry, American Forest & Paper Association, Wash., DC.
Adams, T. N., Frederick, W. J., Hupa, M., Iisa, K., Jones, A., and Tran, H., 1997, Kraft Recovery Boilers, Tappi Press, Atlanta, GA.
Larson,  E. D., and Raymond,  D., 1997, “Commercializing Black Liquor and Biomass Gasifier/Gas Turbine Technology,” Tappi J., 80, No. 12, pp. 50–57.
Larson, E. D., Yang, W., McDonald, G., Frederick, W. J., Malcolm, E. W., McDonough, T. J., Iisa, K., Kreutz, T. G., and Brown, C., 1998, “Impacts of Integrated Gasification—Combined Cycle Recovery Technology on the Chemical Aspects of Kraft Pulping and Recovery,” Proceedings of the 1998 Int’l. Chemical Recovery Conf., Tappi Press, Atlanta, GA, pp. 1–18.
Consonni,  S., Larson,  E. D., Kreutz,  T. G., and Berglin,  N., 1998, “Black Liquor-Gasifier/Gas Turbine Cogeneration,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 120, pp. 442–449.
Larson, E. D., and Consonni, S., 1997, “Performance of Black Liquor Gasifier/Gas Turbine Combined Cycle Cogeneration in the Kraft Pulp and Paper Industry,” Proceedings, 3rd Biomass Conf. of the Americas, Overend and Chornet, eds., Elsevier Science Inc., Tarrytown, NY, pp. 1495–1512.
Consonni, S., 1992, “Performance Prediction of Gas/Steam Cycles for Power Generation,” Ph.D. thesis 1893-T, Mechanical and Aerospace Eng. Dept., Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ.
Larson, E. D., Consonni, S., Berglin, N., and Kreutz, T., 1996, “Advanced Technologies for Biomass-Energy Utilization in the Pulp and Paper Industry,” report to U.S. Dept. of Energy from Center for Energy and Environmental Studies, Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ.
Lorson, H., Schingnitz, M., White, V. F., and Dean, D. R., 1996, “Black Liquor Recovery by Pressurized Oxygen-Blown Gasification,” Proceedings, 1996 Engineering Conference, Tappi Press, Atlanta, GA, pp. 557–565.
Aghamohammadi, B., Mansour, M. N., Durai-Swamy, K., Steedman, W., Rockvam, L. N., Brown, C., and Smith, P., 1995, “Large Scale Pilot Testing of the MTCI/Thermochem Black Liquor Steam Reformer,” Proceedings, 1995 Int’l. Chemical Recovery Conf., Tappi Press, Atlanta, GA, pp. B297–B301.
Pietruszkiewicz, J., 1997, “Final Report for Costing High-Temperature Black Liquor Gasifier/Gas Turbine Cogeneration Systems,” prepared by Bechtel National, Inc. (Gaithersburg, MD) for Center for Energy & Environmental Studies, Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ.
Gastwirth, G., 1997, “Costing Study of the Stonechem Black Liquor Gasifier/Gas Turbine Combined Cycle Cogeneration System,” prepared by Stone and Webster Engineering Corp. (New York, NY) for Center for Energy & Environmental Studies, Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Heat/mass balance used as basis for cost estimate of a BLGCC system with high-temperature, oxygen-blown gasifier
Grahic Jump Location
Heat/mass balance used as basis for cost estimate of a BLGCC system with high-temperature, air-blown gasifier
Grahic Jump Location
Heat/mass balance used as basis for cost estimate of a BLGCC system with low-temperature, indirectly heated gasifier
Grahic Jump Location
Heat/mass balance used as basis for cost estimate of a conventional Tomlinson-based recovery powerhouse system
Grahic Jump Location
Calculated costs of electricity generation, assuming 91 percent capacity factor, 15 percent per year capital charge rate, and $30/dry tonne biomass. See Table 6.

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