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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Combustion and Fuel

Combustion Instabilities in Industrial Gas Turbines—Measurements on Operating Plant and Thermoacoustic Modeling

[+] Author and Article Information
David E. Hobson, John E. Fackrell, Gary Hewitt

PowerGen plc, Power Technology Centre, Ratcliffe-on-Soar, Nottingham, NG11 0EE, UK

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 122(3), 420-428 (May 15, 2000) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1287238 History: Received March 09, 1999; Revised May 15, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

Richards,  G. A., Morris,  G. J., Shaw,  D. W., Keeley,  S. A., and Welter,  M. J., 1993, “Thermal Pulse Combustion,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 94, pp. 57–85.
Janus, M. C., Richards, G. A., Yip, M. J., and Robey, E. H., 1997, “Effects of Ambient Conditions and Fuel Composition on Combustion Stability,” ASME Paper 97-GT-266.
Smith, C. E., and Leonard, A. D., 1997, “CFD Modeling of Combustion Instability in Pre-Mixed Axisymmetric Combustors,” ASME Paper 97-GT-305.
Bohn, D., Deutsch, G., and Kruger, U., 1996, “Numerical Prediction of the Dynamic Behavior of Pre-Mixed Flames,” ASME Paper 96-GT-133.
Bohn, D., Yuhong, L., Matouschek, G., and Kruger, U., 1997, “Numerical Prediction of the Dynamic Behavior of Pre-Mixed Flames Using Systematically Reduced Multi-Step Reaction Mechanisms,” ASME Paper 97-GT-265.
Liu, R., and McGuirk, J. J., 1995, “Prediction of Combustion Induced Oscillations Using a Pressure–Correction Method,” ASME Paper 95-GT-336.
Dowling,  A. P., 1995, “The Calculation of Thermoacoustic Oscillations,” J. Sound Vib., 180, Pt. 4, pp. 557–581.
Chadha, J. A., Hobson, D. E., Marshall, A., and Wilkinson, D. H., 1980, “Acoustic Source Properties of Governor Valves,” in Flow Induced Vibrations of Power Plant Components, M. K. Au-Yang, ed., ASME PVP-41.
Buchner,  H., Hirsch,  C., and Leuckel,  W., 1993, “Experimental Investigations on the Dynamics of Pulsated Pre-Mixed Axial Jet Flames,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 94, pp. 219–228.
Keller,  J. O., Bramlette,  T. T., Dec,  J. E., and Westbrook,  C. K., 1989, “Pulse Combustion: The Importance of Characteristic Times,” Combust. Flame, 75, pp. 33–44.
Bloxsidge,  G. J., Dowling,  A. P., and Langhorne,  P. J., 1988, “Reheat Buzz: An Acoustically Coupled Combustion Instability. Part 2—Theory,” J. Fluid Mech.,193, pp. 445–473.
Lieuwen, T., and Zinn, B. T., 1998, “Theoretical Investigation of Combustion Instability Mechanisms in Lean Pre-Mixed Gas Turbines,” AIAA Paper AIAA-98-0641.
Bohn, D., and Deuker, E., 1993, “An Acoustic Model to Predict Combustion Driven Oscillations,” 20th Int. Congress on Combustion Engines, London.
Becker, B., Berenbrink, B. P., and Brandner, H., 1986, “Premixing Gas andAir to Reduce NOx Emissions With Existing Proven Gas Turbine Combustion Chambers,” ASME Paper 86-GT-157.
Rayleigh, J. W. S., 1945, The Theory of Sound, Vol. II, pp. 224–227, Dover, New York,
Mason, H. B., and Spalding, D. B., 1973, “Prediction of Reaction-Rates in Turbulent Pre-Mixed Boundary Layer Flows,” Combustion Institute European Symposium, E. J. Weinberg, ed.
Bakke,  J. R., and Hjertager,  B. H., 1987, “The Effect of Explosion Venting in Empty Vessels,” Int. J. Numer. Methods Eng., 24, pp. 129–140.
Westbrook,  C. K., and Dryer,  E. L., 1981, “Simplified Reaction Mechanisms for the Oxidation of Hydrocarbon Fuels in Flames,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 27, pp. 31–43.
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Figures

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Siemens V94.2 silo combustion chamber
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Components of the acoustic model of the V94.2 combustion chamber silo
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Effective fuel supply compliance with and without flame
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Distribution of heat release in flame
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Long term average dynamic pressures on GT01
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Gas turbine GT03 load swing profile
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Variation of frequency with load during GT03 load swing
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Variation of damping with load during load swing on GT03
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All machines, variation of frequency with load
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All machines, variation of damping with load

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