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TECHNICAL PAPERS—SPECIAL ICE SECTION: Intake and Exhaust System Dynamics

Validation of a New TVD Scheme Against Measured Pressure Waves in the Inlet and Exhaust System of a Single Cylinder Engine

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Vandevoorde, R. Sierens, E. Dick

Department of Mechanical and Thermal Engineering, University of Gent, Belgium

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 122(4), 533-540 (Jul 17, 1998) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1288706 History: Revised July 17, 1998; Received June 01, 1999
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

Goyal, M., Scharpf, G., and Borman, G., 1967, “The Simulation of Single Cyclinder Intake and Exhaust Systems,” SAE Paper 670478.
Pearson, R. J., 1994, “Numerical Methods for Simulating Gas Dynamics in Engine Manifolds,” Ph.D. thesis, Department of Mechanical Engineering, UMIST.
Corberán,  J. M., and Gascón,  M. L., 1995, “TVD Schemes for the Calculation of Flow in Pipes of Variable Cross-Section,” Math. Comput. Model., 21, No. 3, pp. 85–92.
Vandevoorde,  M., Sierens,  R., Dick,  E., Vierendeels,  J., and Baert,  R., 1997, “Comparison of Algorithms for Unsteady Flow Calculation in Inlet and Exhaust Systems of IC Engines,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines and Power, 122, No. 4, pp. 541–548.
Vandevoorde,  M., Vierendeels,  J., Dick,  E., and Sierens,  R., 1998, “A New TVD Scheme for the Calculation of the One-Dimensional Flow in Inlet and Exhaust Pipes of Internal Combustion Engines,” Journal of Automotive Engineering (Part D), 212, pp. 437–448.
Roe,  P. L., 1981, “Approximate Riemann Solvers, Parameters Vectors, and Difference Schemes,” J. Comput. Phys., 43, pp. 357–372.
Dick,  E., 1988, “A Flux Difference Splitting Method for the Steady Euler Equations,” J. Comput. Phys., 76, pp. 19–32.
Dick,  E., 1990, “Multigrid Formulation of Polynomial Flux-Difference Splitting for Steady Euler Equations,” J. Comput. Phys., 91, pp. 161–173.
Tabaczynski, R. J., Ferguson, C. R., and Radhakrishnan, K., 1977, “A Turbulent Entrainment Model for Spark-Ignition Engine Combustion,” SAE Paper 770647.
Hires, S. D., Tabaczynski, R. J., and Novak, J. M., 1978, “The Prediction of Ignition Delay and Combustion Intervals for a Homogeneous Charge Spark Ignition Engine,” SAE Paper 780232.
Tabaczynski,  R. J., Trinker,  F. R., and Shannon,  B. A. S., 1980, “Further Refinement and Validation of a Turbulent Flame Propagation Model for Spark Ignition Engines,” Combust. Flame, 39, pp. 111–121.
Sierens, R., Rosseel, E., and Baert, R., 1999, “Evaluating Piezo-Electric Transducer Response to Thermal Shock Using In-Cylinder Pressure Data,” SAE Paper 1999-01-0935.
Heywood, J. B., 1988, Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, ISBN 0-07-100499-8, McGraw-Hill, New York.

Figures

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Cell-vertex finite volume method
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Geometry of the inlet and exhaust system
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Gas supply ring (methane)
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Disposal of exhaust gases (methane)
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Discharge coefficient of an inlet poppet valve 13
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Test rig for steady-state flow through a valve
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Discharge coefficient for inlet valve
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Discharge coefficient for inlet valve
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Discharge coefficient for exhaust valve
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Discharge coefficient for exhaust valve
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Reynolds number and valve lift
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Comparison of measured and calculated pressure diagrams (initial test set-up, gasoline)
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Comparison of measured and calculated pressure in the exhaust pipe (without exhaust buffer vessel)
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Comparison of measured and calculated pressure diagrams during motoring
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Comparison of measured and calculated pressure diagrams (modified test set-up, methane)
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Comparison of measured and calculated pressure diagrams with measured CD coefficients

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