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TECHNICAL PAPERS—SPECIAL ICE SECTION: Alternative Fuels Combustion and Emissions

Impact of Using Biodiesels of Different Origin and Additives on the Performance of a Stationary Diesel Engine

[+] Author and Article Information
A. Serdari, K. Fragioudakis, S. Kalligeros, S. Stournas, E. Lois

Laboratory of Fuel Technology and Lubricants, Department of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Iroon Polytechniou 9, Zografou Campus 15700, Athens, Greece

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 122(4), 624-631 (May 08, 2000) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1289385 History: Received September 20, 1999; Revised May 08, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

Biodiesel, Documentation of the World-Wide Status 1997, 1997, Austrian Biofuels Institute, ABI, Austria.
Korizi, A., 1995, “The Perspectives of Biodiesel Development in Greece,” Diploma thesis, Laboratory of Fuel Technology and Lubricants, National Technical University of Athens, Greece.
Acute Toxicity of Biodiesel to Freshwater and Marine Organisms,” 1996, Development of Rapeseed Biodiesel for Use in High-Speed Diesel Engines, Progress Report, University of Idaho, Dept. Biol. Ag. Eng., Moscow, ID, pp. 117–131.
Biodegradability of Biodiesel in the Aquatic Environment,” 1996, Development of Rapeseed Biodiesel for Use in High-Speed Diesel Engines, Progress Report, University of Idaho, Dept. Biol. Ag. Eng., Moscow, ID, pp. 96–116.
Howell, S., and Weber, A. J., 1997, “Biodiesel Use in Underground Metal and Non-Metal Mines,” MARC-IV, LLC, Consulting, 〈http://www.dieselnet.com/papers/9705howell.html〉.
“Field Trials of Soy Methyl Esters as a Fuel for Diesel Powered Equipment in Underground Mines,” 1995, U.S. Bureau Of Mines/Air Quality Division, 〈http://www.biodiesel.org/cgi-local/search〉.
“Summary results from NBB/USEPA TIER I Health and Environmental Effects Testing for Biodiesel Under the Requirements for USEPA Registration of Fuels and Fuel Additives,” 1998, Final Report, NBB/USEPA TIER I, 〈http://www.biodiesel.org/cgi-local/search〉.
Neeft,  J., Makeem,  P., and Moulijn,  J., 1996, “Diesel Particulate Emission Control, Review Article,” Fuel Process. Technol., 47, pp. 1–69.
“Development of a Double Treatment Package for Automotive Diesel Fuel—Stages I, II,” 1995, Final Report, Laboratory of Fuel Technology and Lubricants, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece.
Sharp, C., 1998, “Exhaust Emissions and Performance of Diesel Engines With Biodiesel Blends,” Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX, 〈http://www.biodiesel.org/cgi-local/search〉.
Marshall, W., Schumacher, L., and Howell, S., 1995, “Engine Exhaust Emissions: Evaluation of a Cummins L10E When Fueled With a Biodiesel Blend,” SAE Paper 952363.
“Biodiesel First Alternative Fuel to Meet EPA Health Effects Requirements,” 1998, Biodiesel Report, National Biodiesel Board.
Serdari,  S., Fragioudakis,  K., Teas,  C., Sakellaropoulos,  F., Zannikos,  F., Stournas,  S., and Lois,  E., 1998, “Adding Biodiesel Corn Oil and Sunflower Oil to Diesel Fuel: The Impact on the Performance of Conventional Road Vehicles,” J. Inst. Energy, 71, pp. 126–136.
“Alternative Fuel Transit Buses,” First Report, 1995, U.S. Department of Energy, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Vehicle Evaluation Program.
Ademe, E. U., 1995, “The Non-Technical Barriers ‘Liquid Biofuels’ European Network (Used in Engines and Boilers),” DG XVII (Altener Programme), Information Leaflet, Ademe, Paris.
Akasaka, Y., Suzuki, T., and Sakurai, Y., 1997, “Exhaust Emissions of a DI Diesel Engine Fueled With Blends of Biodiesel and Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel,” SAE Paper 972998.
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“The Biodiesel Industry in the United States: An Industry on the Move. An Update,” 1995, American Biofuels Association, Arlington, VA.
“Comprehensive Emissions and Chemical Characterization of Rapeseed Oil-Derived Biodiesel,” 1996, Montana Project, Biodiesel and Biolubricants Project, Bioenergy Program, Pacific Northwest and Alaska Regional Bioenergy Program.

Figures

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Percentage change of particulate matter emissions (mg/m3 ) due to the addition of corn oil biodiesel+additives
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Percentage change of particulate matter emissions (mg/m3 ) due to the addition of used frying oil biodiesel+additives
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Fuel consumption for conventional diesel fuel and fuel blends containing 10 percent biodiesel with/without the combination of H1 and H2 additives
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Fuel consumption for conventional diesel fuel and fuel blends containing 30 percent biodiesel with/without the combination of H1 and H2 additives
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Fuel consumption for conventional diesel fuel and fuel blends containing 50 percent biodiesel with/without the combination of H1 and H2 additives
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Fuel consumption for conventional diesel fuel and 100 percent biodiesel with/without the combination of H1 and H2 additives
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The sampling procedure for measuring particulate matter (PM)
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Percentage change of the total nitrogen oxide emissions (ppm), due to the addition of sunflower oil biodiesel
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Percentage change of the total nitrogen oxide emissions (ppm) due to the addition of corn oil biodiesel
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Percentage change of the total nitrogen oxide emissions (ppm) due to the addition of olive oil biodiesel
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Percentage change of the total nitrogen oxide emissions (ppm) due to the addition of used frying oil biodiesel
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Percentage change of particulate matter emissions (mg/m3 ) due to the addition of sunflower oil biodiesel
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Percentage change of particulate matter emissions (mg/m3 ) due to the addition of corn oil biodiesel
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Percentage change of particulate matter emissions (mg/m3 ) due to the addition of olive oil biodiesel
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Percentage change of particulate matter emissions (mg/m3 ) due to the addition of used frying oil biodiesel
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Percentage change of the total nitrogen oxide emissions (ppm) due to the addition of corn oil biodiesel+additives
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Percentage change of the total nitrogen oxide emissions (ppm) due to the addition of used frying oil biodiesel+additives

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