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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Cycle Innovations

Thermoeconomic Analysis of Gas Turbine Based Cycles

[+] Author and Article Information
A. F. Massardo, M. Scialò

Dipartimento di Macchine, Sistemi Energetici e Trasporti, Universita’ di Genova, Italia

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 122(4), 664-671 (May 15, 2000) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1287346 History: Received March 09, 1999; Revised May 15, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

Pilidis, P., and Mathieu, P., 1991, “The Use of Gaseous Fuels on Aeroderivative Gas Turbines,” ASME Paper 91-GT-44.
Wilson, D. G., and Korakianitis, T., 1997, “The Design of High Efficiency Turbomachinery and Gas Turbines,” Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
Cohen, H., Rogers, G. F., and Saravanamuttoo, H. I. H., 1996, Gas Turbine Theory, Longman, UK.
Agazzani, A., 1995, “Ottimizzazione termodinamica, economica e di impatto ambientale dei sistemi energetici,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Pisa.
Agazzani,  A., and Massardo,  A., 1997, “A Tool for Thermoeconomic Analysis and Optimization of Gas, Steam and Combined Plants,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 119, pp. 885–892.
Agazzani,  A., Frangopoulos,  C., and Massardo,  A., 1998, “Environmental Influence on the Thermoeconomic Optimization of a Combined Plant with Nox Abatement,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 120, pp. 557–565.
Frangopoulos, C. A., 1983, “Thermoeconomic Functional Analysis: a Method for Optimal Design or Improvement of Complex Thermal System,” Ph.D. thesis, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA.
Frangopoulos,  C. A., 1994, “Application of Thermoeconomic Functional Approach to the CGAM problem,” Energy, 19, No. 3, pp. 323–342.
Massardo, A., and Lubelli, F., 1998, “Internal Reforming Solid Oxide Fuel Cell—Gas Turbine Combined Cycles (IRSOFC-GT): Part A—Cell Model and Cycle Thermodynamic Analysis,” ASME Paper 98-GT-577.
Scialò, M., 1998, “Thermoeconomic Analysis of Power Plants Based on Gas Turbine Technology,” (in Italian), Master thesis, University of Genoa, Italy.
Chemical Engineering, 1998, McGraw-Hill, New York.
El-Sayed, Y. M., and Tribus, M., 1983, “Strategic Use of Thermoeconomics for System Improvement,” in Efficiency and Costing: Second Law Analysis of Processes, Gaggioli, R. A., ed., A.C.S. Symposium Series, No. 235, Washington, DC, pp. 215–239.
Gas Turbine World Handbook, 1997, Gas Turbine World, 16,17,18 , Pequot Publishing Inc., Fairfield, (USA).
Bejan, A., Tsatsaronis, G., and Moran, M., 1996, Thermal Design and Optimization, Wiley, New York.

Figures

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Simple cycle gas turbine: operating hours per year influence
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Simple cycle gas turbine: cost versus specific work (a) and cost versus efficiency (b)
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Simple cycle gas turbine: total and variable cost versus efficiency and specific work
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Inter-cooled, regenerated and re-heated cycle: (a) simplified layout; (b) functional productive diagram
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Regenerated cycle: cost versus specific work and versus efficiency
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Inter-cooled cycle: efficiency versus specific work
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Inter-cooled cycle: cost versus specific work and versus efficiency
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Re-heated cycle: efficiency versus specific work
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Re-heated cycle: cost versus efficiency and versus specific work
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Re-heated, regenerated and intercooled cycle: efficiency versus specific work (TCI approach)
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Cost versus efficiency (a) and cost versus specific work (b) for advanced gas turbine based cycles (TCI approach)
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Efficiency versus specific work a simple cycle gas turbine
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Cost versus pressure ratio for advanced gas turbine based cycles (TCI approach)
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Regenerated and re-heated cycle: cost versus efficiency and versus specific work (TCI approach)
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Inter-cooled and regenerated cycle: cost versus efficiency and versus specific work (TCI approach)

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