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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Internal Combustion Engines: Flow, heat transfer, and combustion

Study of Using Oxygen-Enriched Combustion Air for Locomotive Diesel Engines

[+] Author and Article Information
D. N. Assanis

The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109

R. B. Poola, R. Sekar

Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439

G. R. Cataldi

Association of American Railroads, Washington, D.C. 20019

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 123(1), 157-166 (Mar 16, 2000) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1290590 History: Received December 21, 1999; Revised March 16, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Sekar, R. R., Marr, W. W., Cole, R. L., Marciniak, T. J., and Schaus, J. E., 1990, “Diesel Engine Experiments With Oxygen Enrichment, Water Addition, and Lower-Grade Fuel,” Twenty-Fifth Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, Reno, Nevada.
Sekar,  R. R., Marr,  W. W., Assanis,  D. N., Cole,  R. L., Marciniak,  T. J., and Schaus,  J. E., 1991, “Oxygen-Enriched Diesel Engine Performance: A Comparison of Analytical and Experimental Results,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 113, pp. 365–369.
Sekar, R. R., Marr, W. W., Cole, R. L., and Marciniak, T. J., 1991, “Effects of Oxygen Enrichment and Fuel Emulsification on Diesel Engine Performance and Emissions,” ASME Meeting on Fuels, Controls and After-treatment for Low-Emissions Engines, ICE, 15 , pp. 21–28.
Marr, W. W., Sekar, R. R., Cole, R. L., Marciniak, T. J., and Longman, D. E., 1993, “Oxygen-Enriched Diesel Engine Experiments With a Low-Grade Fuel,” SAE Paper 932805.
Iida, N., and Sato, G. T., 1988, “Temperature and Mixing Effects on NOx and Particulates,” SAE Paper 880424.
Assanis, D. N., and Heywood, J. B., 1986, “Development and Use of a Computer Simulation of the Turbocompound Diesel Engine System for Engine Performance and Component Heat Transfer Studies,” SAE Paper 860329.
Assanis, D. N., Sekar, R. R., Baker, D., Ciambekos, C. T., Cole, R. L., and Marciniak, T. J., 1990, “Simulation Studies of Diesel Engine Performance With Oxygen Enriched Air and Water Emulsified Fuels,” ASME Paper 90-ICE-17.
Assanis,  D. N., Karvounis,  E., Sekar,  R. R., and Marr,  W. W., 1993, “Heat Release Analysis of Oxygen-Enriched Diesel Combustion,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 115, pp. 761–768.
Lavoie,  G. A., Heywood,  J. B., and Keck,  J. C., 1970, “Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of Nitric Oxide Formation in Internal Combustion Engines,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 1, pp. 313–326.
Gollan, A. Z., and Kleper, M. H., 1985, “Research Into an Asymmetric Membrane Hollow Fiber Device for Oxygen-Enriched Air Production,” DOE/ID-12429-1, U.S. Department of Energy.
Ragland, K. W., and Whipple, J. G., 1989, “Test and Evaluation of Polymeric Membranes for Oxygen-Enrichment of Air,” DOE/ID-12710-1, U.S. Department of Energy.
Winston Ho, W. S., and Sirkar, K. K., 1992, Membrane Handbook, Chapman & Hall, New York.
Koros, W. J., and Chern, R. T., 1987, Handbook of Separation Process Technology, John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Pan,  C. Y., 1986, “Gas Separation by High-Flux, Asymmetric Hollow-Fiber Membrane,” AIChE J., 32, No. 12, pp. 2020–2027.
Chern,  R. T., Koros,  W. J., and Fedklw,  P. S., 1985, “Simulation of a Hollow-Fiber Gas Separator: The Effects of Process and Design Variables,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Process Des. Dev., 24, pp. 1015–1022.
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Millington,  B. W., and Hartles,  E. R., 1968, “Frictional Losses in Diesel Engines,” SAE Paper 680590, SAE Trans., 77, pp. 2390–2410.
Heywood, J. B., 1988, Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Plee, S. L., Ahmad, T., and Myers, J. P., 1982, “Diesel NOx Emissions—A Simple Correlation Technique for Intake Air Effects,” Nineteenth Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, pp. 1495–1502.
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Figures

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Functional representation of a prototype membrane
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Air separation membrane modes of operation
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Turbocharged diesel system configuration using oxygen-rich air supplied by air separation membrane
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Validation of diesel simulation with experimental results
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Effects of intake air oxygen-enrichment on engine performance at various notch positions
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Effects of fuel injection timing on performance characteristics at various oxygen-enrichment levels
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Fuel injection timing map: brake power versus peak cylinder pressure at various intake air oxygen-enrichment levels
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Overall combustion and stoichiometric core-flame temperatures with intake air oxygen-enrichment
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Effects of oxygen and injection timing on NO emissions in stoichiometric and overall combustion regions
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Nitric oxide concentrations at different intake air oxygen-enrichment levels
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Variation of permeate oxygen concentration with stage cut at various pressure ratios for CMS-3 membrane material
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Total isentropic work required to drive membrane under three operating modes
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Minimum isentropic work required by membrane module at various oxygen-enrichment levels
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Potential of brake power enhancement with oxygen-enrichment at full load
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Potential of oxygen-enrichment over turbocharging with increased boost to enhance the power output

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