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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Internal Combustion Engines: Hydrogen-fueled engines

An Investigation of a Cause of Backfire and Its Control Due to Crevice Volumes in a Hydrogen Fueled Engine

[+] Author and Article Information
J. T. Lee, Y. Y. Kim, C. W. Lee

School of Mechanical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Jangan-gu, Suwon 440-746, Korea

J. A. Caton

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77840

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 123(1), 204-210 (Nov 15, 2000) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1339985 History: Received July 11, 2000; Revised November 15, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Kukkonen, C. A., 1981, “Hydrogen as an Alternative Fuel,” Society of Automotive Engineers, Technical Paper No. 810349, pp. 127–149.
Furuhama,  S., 1991, “Trend of Social Requirements and Technical Development of Hydrogen-Fueled Automobiles,” JSME Rev., 13, pp. 4–13.
Mathur, H. B., 1985, “Hydrogen Fueled Internal Combustion Engines,” Proceedings of the National Workshop on Hydrogen Energy, New Dehli, July, pp. 159–177.
Kim, J. M., Kim, Y. T., Lee, J. T., and Lee, S. Y., 1995, “Performance Characteristics of Hydrogen Fueled Engine with the Direct Injection and Spark Ignition System,” Society of Automotive Engineers, Technical Paper No. 952488, pp. 162–175.
Kim, Y. Y., Park, J. B., and Lee, J. T., 1997, “A Study on Development of Hydrogen Fueled Engine With High Power and High Efficiency,” Proceedings of 4th Japan-Korean Joint Symposium, Yokohama, Aug. 29, pp. 62–71.
Lynch, F. E., 1974, “Backfire Control Techniques for Hydrogen Fueled Internal Combustion Engines,” Proceedings of Hydrogen Energy, Part B, Miami, pp. 686–696.
Furuhama,  S., 1977, “Combustion Improvement in a Hydrogen Fueled Engine,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 2, pp. 329.
Lewis, B., and von Elbe, G., 1987, Combustion, Flames and Explosions of Gases, Academic Press, New York.
Saika, T., and Korematuse, K., 1986, “Flame Propagation into the Ring Crevice of a Spark Ignition Engine,” Society of Automotive Engineers, Technical Paper No. 861528, pp. 1–8.
Koyanagi, K., Hiruma, M., and Furuhama, S., 1994, “Study on Mechanism of Backfire in Hydrogen Engines,” Society of Automotive Engineers, Technical Paper No. 942035, pp. 99–106.
Kondo, T., Hiruma, M., and Furuhama, S., 1996, “A Study on the Mechanism of Backfire in External Mixture Formation Hydrogen Engines,” Proceedings of WHEC, Vol. III, Stuttgart, June, pp. 1547–1556.
Heywood, J. B., 1988, Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw-Hill, New York, pp. 601–608.

Figures

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Photograph of the hydrogen fueled engine
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Schematic diagram of the experimental apparatus
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The location and detail of the artificial crevice volume installed in the cylinder head
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Schematic of the piston geometries
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The BFL equivalence ratio for each artificial crevice volume
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The BFL equivalence ratio as a function of coolant temperature for artificial crevice size
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The BFL equivalence ratio with and without crevice volumes around the spark plug for two coolant temperatures
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The BFL equivalence ratio as a function of the crevice volume for a coolant temperature of 60°C
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The BFL equivalence ratio as a function of coolant temperature for the type C piston
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The BFL equivalence ratio as a function of the piston top land crevice volume for four coolant temperatures
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A comparison of the BFL equivalence ratio for the four piston types
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The cylinder pressure as a function of crank angle for the rounded piston top for six crank case pressures
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The BFL equivalence ratio as a function of the crank case pressure for the piston with the rounded
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The BFL equivalence ratio and the maximum cylinder pressure as a function of the crank case pressure for the case where the second ring is removed
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The BFL equivalence ratio and maximum cylinder pressure as a function of crank case pressure for the case using the piston with drain holes for the blow-by gas
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The rate of heat release for the cases with the rounded piston with drain hole (ϕBFL=0.88) and for the conventional piston (ϕBFL=0.81)

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