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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Controls, Diagnostics, and Instrumentation

Nonlinear Model Predictive Control Experiments on a Laboratory Gas Turbine Installation

[+] Author and Article Information
H. A. van Essen, H. C. de Lange

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, PO Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 123(2), 347-352 (Jan 01, 2001) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1359478 History: Received February 01, 2000; Revised January 01, 2001
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

van Essen, H. A., 1998, “Modelling and Model Based Control of Turbomachinery,” Ph.D. thesis, Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands.
van Essen, H. A., 1995, “Design of a laboratory gas turbine installation,” Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands.
Vroemen,  B. G., van Essen,  H. A., van Steenhoven,  A. A., and Kok,  J. J., 1999, “Nonlinear Model Predictive Control of a Laboratory Gas Turbine Installation,” J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 121, pp. 629–634.
Schobeiri,  M. T., Attia,  M., and Lippke,  C., 1994, “GETRAN: A generic, modularly structured computer code for simulation of dynamic behavior of areo- and power generation gas turbine engines,” J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 116, pp. 483–494.
Garrard, D., 1996, “ATEC: The aerodynamic turbine engine code for the analysis of transient and dynamic gas turbine engine system operations, part 1: Model development,” ASME paper 96-GT-193; “Part 2: Numerical simulations,” ASME paper 96-GT-194.
Botros,  K. K., Campbell,  P. J., and Mah,  D. B., 1991, “Dynamic simulation of compressor station operation including centrifugal compressor and gas turbine,” J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 113, pp. 300–311.
Botros,  K. K., 1994, “Transient phenomena in compressor stations during surge,” J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 116, pp. 133–142.
Bemporad, Alberto and Morari, Manfred, 1998, “Predictive control of constrained hybrid systems,” International symposium on nonlinear model predictive control: Assessment and future directions, Ascona, Switzerland.
Smeulers, J. P. M, Bouman, W. J., and van Essen, H. A., 1999, “Model Predictive Control of compressor installations,” Proceedings International Conference on Compressors and Their Systems, London.

Figures

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Schematic view of the gas turbine installation
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Photograph of the gas turbine installation
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Model configuration with coupling volumes between successive components
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Simulated operation area, limited by constraints, projected onto the compressor map
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(a) Sinusoidal trajectories for the rotational speed and throttle valve disturbance. (b) Measured and predicted responses of rotational speed.
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(a) Expander temperature during sine response experiment. (b) Comparison between control output (rotational speed) and input (fuel valve).
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(a) and (b) Expander inlet temperature and surge ratio parameter for two experiments with constant rotational speed and decreasing mass flow
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Rotational speed for different settings of the temperature constraint
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Expander inlet temperature
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(a) and (b) Predicted and measured rotational speed and expander pressure during compressed air disturbance
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Simulated transient response displayed in the compressor map
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(a) and (b) Simulated response of rotational speed with and without anticipation
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Response of rotational speed for different settings of the control horizon (m samples) for a prediction horizon of 12 samples

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