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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Coal, Biomass, and Alternative Fuels

Update on the Progress of the Brazilian Wood BIG-GT Demonstration Project

[+] Author and Article Information
L. Waldheim

TPS Termiska Processer AB, Studsvik, 611 82 Nyköping, Swedene-mail: tps@tps.se

E. Carpentieri

Companhia Hidro Elétrica do São Francisco, Rua Delmiro Gouveia, 333-Anexo 1-Bloco B-sala 3, Bongi-50761-901-Recife, Pernambuco, Brazile-mail: carpent@elogica.com.br

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 123(3), 525-536 (Jan 03, 2000) (12 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1335482 History: Received January 03, 2000; Revised January 03, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Shell Brazil, 1992, Phase I Final Report to the Global Environment Facility, Brazilian Biomass Power Generation Project BIG/GT, BRASCEP, CHESF, CIENTEC, CVRD, Electrobras, MCT do Brasil, Shell International Petroleum Ltd.
Craig, K. R., Bain, R. L., and Overend, R. P., 1995, “Biomass Power Systems—Where are we, Where are we going and How to get there? The role of Gasification,” EPRI Conference on New Power Generation Technology, San Francisco, October 25–27, 1995, CA, USA.
Trebbi,  G., 1993, “Power Production Options from Biomass: The Vision of a Southern European Utility,” Bioresource Technology, 46, Nos. 1&2, pp. 23–30.
Carpentieri, A. E., Larson, E. D., and Woods, J., 1992, “Prospects for Sustainable, Utility Scale, Biomass-Based Electricity Supply in Northeast Brazil,” Center for Energy and Environmental Studies, PU/CEES Report No. 270, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA.
Consonni, S., and Larson, E. D., 1994, “Biomass-Gasifier/Aeroderivative Gas Turbine Combined Cycles, Part A and B,” ASME Cogen Turbo Power’94, Oct. 25–27, 1994, Portland, OR.
Larson, E. D., 1993, “Technology for Electricity and Fuels From Biomass,” Annual Review of Energy and the Environment, 18 , pp. 567–630.
Faaij, A. P. C., 1997, “Energy from Biomass and Waste,” thesis from Universiteit Utrecht, Facultiet Schiekunde, Utrecht, ISBN-90393-1592-2.
Solantausta, Y., Bridgwater, T., and Beckman, D., 1996, “Electricity Production by Advanced Biomass Systems,” VTT research notes 1729, Technical Research Center of Finland, Espoo.
Paterson, W., 1994, Power From Plants, The Royal Institute of International Affairs, Energy and Environmental Programme, Earthscan Publications Ltd. London.
Ricardo J., Semedo, H., Johansson, T. B., and Larson, E. D., 1993, “Gas Turbine Power Generation From Gasified Wood,” Centro para a Conservacao de Energia. Lisboa, Portugal, June 30, 1993, study prepared for the EC Alternative Energy Programme, ALTERNER.
Bodlund, B., and Bergman, J., 1993, Bioenergy in Sweden: Potential. Technology and Application Bioresource Technology, 46 , No. 1&2, pp. 31–36.
Elliott,  P., 1993, “Biomass-Energy Overview in the Context of Brazilian Biomass-Power Demonstration,” Bioresource Technology, 46, No. 1&2, pp. 13–23.
Kaltschmitt, M., et al., 1994, “Analysis and Co-ordination of the Activities Concerning Gasification of Biomass,” report from a Concerted Action within the EC Argoindustrial Research Program, Nov. 1977, contract AIR3-CT94-2284.
Blackadder, W., Lundberg, H., Rensfelt, E., and Waldheim, L., 1992, “Heat and Power Production via Gasification in the Range 5–50 MWe,” Advances in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion, Interlaken, Switzerland, May 11–15, 1992.
Rensfelt, E., 1977, “Atmospheric CFB Gasification—The Grève Plant and Beyond,” International Conference on Gasification and Pyrolysis of Biomass. April 9–11, 1977, Stuttgart, Germany.
Barducci, G., Daddi, P., Polzinetti, G., Ulivieri, P., Baldacci, A., Traniello, A., and Zeppi, C., 1994, “Use of Lean Gas From Sorghum Bagasse in the Cement Production,” 8th European Conference on Biomass for Energy and Environment, Agriculture and Industry, October 3–5, 1994, Vienna, Austria.
Barducci, G., Daddi, P., Polzinetti, G., and Ulivieri, P., 1995, “Thermic and Electric Power Production and Use From Gasification of Biomass and RDF, Experience at CFBG Plant at Grève-in-Chianti,” 2nd Biomass Conference of the Americas: Energy, Environment Agriculture and Industry, August 21–24, 1995, Portland, Oregon, USA.
Barducci, G. L., Ulivieri, P., Polzinetti, G. C., Donati, A., and Repetto, F., 1996, “New Developments in Biomass Utilization for Electricity and Low Energy Gas Production on the Gasification Plant of Grève-in-Chianti, Florence,” Developments in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion, Vol. 2, Bridgwater, A. V., and Boocock, D. G. B., eds.; and “Bioenergy 96—The Seventh National Bioenergy Conference,” Sept. 15–20, Nashville, TN.
Pitcher, K., and Lundberg, H., 1995, “Wood Energy: The Development of a Gasification Plant Utilising Short Rotation Coppice,” Project ARBRE, Third International Wood Fuel Conference, October 9–15, 1995, Glasgow, Scotland.
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Elliott,  P., and Booth,  R., 1996, “Biomass Energy for the Twenty-First Century. Commercial Demonstration of a Modern Power System Based on Gasification-Combined Cycle Technology,” Energy and Environment, 7, No. 2, pp. 191–208.
Saaty, T. L., 1992, Decision Making for Leaders, ISBN 0-534-97959-9.

Figures

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Biomass energy usage in Brazil
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The northeast region of Brazil
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Biomass cost and volume versus productivity in the northeast region of Brazil
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Fuel capacity of different types of biomass gasifiers
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Biomass gasification development units
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Grève-in-Chianti plant process scheme
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General process scheme, gasification for power production
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Output capacity of different biomasss gasification system arrangements (multiple units to be used for engines)
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Schematic of BIG-GT process system options
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Flowsheet of the bioflow plant at Värnamo
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TPS’s CFB gasification and hot gas cleaning pilot plant
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Two legged strategy for phase II management philosophy
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Brazilian BIG/GT WBP project. Phase II organization and Management
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Schematic flowsheet of TPS atmospheric BIG-GT process
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An artist’s impression of the Brazilian BIG-GT plant

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