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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Combustion and Fuels

Field Demonstration of a 1.5 MW Industrial Gas Turbine With a Low Emissions Catalytic Combustion System

[+] Author and Article Information
D. Y. Yee, K. Lundberg, C. K. Weakley

Catalytica Combustion Systems, Inc. 430 Ferguson Drive Mountain View, CA 94043-5272

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 123(3), 550-556 (Oct 01, 2000) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1374199 History: Received October 01, 1999; Revised October 01, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Kajita, S., Tanaka, Y., and Kitajima, J., 1990, “Evaluation of a Catalytic Combustor in a Gas Turbine-Generator Unit,” ASME Paper No. 90-GT-89.
Kitajima, J., and Kajita, S., 1989, “Catalytic Combustor for Small Gas Turbines: Combustor Development,” ASME Paper No. 89-GT-265.
Hoshino, A., Kajita, S., Hagiwara, Y., Fujimoto, K., and Kitajima, J., 1987, “Preliminary Tests of Catalytic Combustion in a Small Gas Turbine,” ASME Paper No. 87-GT-100.
Sadamori, H., Tanioka, T., and Matsuhisa, T., 1994, “Development of a High Temperature Combustion System and Prototype Catalytic Combustor Turbine Test Results,” Proceedings of the International Workshop on Catalytic Combustion, H. Arai, ed., Tokyo, Japan, Apr. 18–20, Catalysis Society of Japan, Tokyo, p. 158.
Sadamori, H., 1994, reported in the presentation at the International Workshop on Catalytic Combustion, Tokyo, Japan, Apr. 18–20.
O’Brian, 1998, “Development of a 50 KW, Low Emissions Turbogenerator for Hybrid Electric Vehicles,” ASME Paper No. 98-GT-400.
Dalla Betta, R. A., Nickolas, S. G., Weakley, C. K., Lundberg, K., Caron, T. J., Chamberlain, J., and Greeb, K., 1999, “Field Test of a 1.5 MW Industrial Gas Turbine with a Low Emissions Catalytic Combustion System,” ASME Paper No. 99-GT-295.
Dalla Betta, R. A., Schlatter, J. C., Nickolas, S. G., Yee, D. K., and Shoji, T., 1994, “New Catalytic Combustion Technology for Very Low Emissions Gas Turbines,” ASME Paper No. 94-GT-260.
Magruder, T. D., McDonald, J. P., and Mellor, A. M., 1995, “Engineering Analysis for Lean Premixed Combustor Design,” AIAA Paper No. 95-3136.
Lefebvre, A. H., 1983, Gas Turbine Combustion, Taylor & Francis, London.
Schlatter, J. C., Dalla Betta, R. A., Nickolas, S. G., Cutrone, M. B., Beebe, K. W., and Tsuchiya, T., 1997, “Single-Digit Emissions in a Full Scale Catalytic Combustor,” ASME Paper No. 97-GT-57.
Dalla Betta, R. A., Schlatter, J. C., Nickolas, S. G., Cutrone, M. B., Beebe, K. W., Furuse, Y., and Tsuchiya, T., 1996, “Development of a Catalytic Combustor for a Heavy-Duty Utility Gas Turbine,” ASME Paper No. 96-GT-485.
Star-CD version 3.050A, 1998, ADAPCO, Ltd., Melville, NY.
ANSYS rev. 5.5, 1998, Swanson Analysis Systems, Houston, PA.

Figures

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Schematic of key elements of the Silicon Valley Test Facility (SVTF)
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Schematic of Silicon Valley Test Facility’s (SVTF) data acquisition capabilities
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Schematic of catalytic combustor
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Preburner NOX emissions comparison to Magruder et al. 9
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Primary stage lean blowout versus preburner inlet temperature
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Relative fuel concentration at the catalyst inlet face with the engine operating at 1250 kW and with an average fuel composition of 3.5 percent methane
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Thermal uniformity of catalyst outlet face with the engine operating at 1250 kW and with an average fuel composition of 3.5 percent methane
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Schematic of catalytic combustion process with partial fuel combustion in the catalyst
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Start sequence illustrating the fixed schedule of preburner discharge, combustor fuel to air (F/A) and turbine speed
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Fixed schedule of preburner discharge and catalyst fuel to air (F/A) while ramping generator load
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Typical emissions (correcetd to 15 percent O2) at 18°C ambient
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Emissions (corrected to 15 percent O2) during a 24-hour period

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