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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Internal Combustion Engines

A Mixing Based Model for Di-methyl Ether Combustion in Diesel Engines

[+] Author and Article Information
B. H. Bek, S. C. Sorenson

Department of Energy Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Building 403, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 123(3), 627-632 (Dec 07, 2000) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1362665 History: Received December 06, 2000; Revised December 07, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Sorenson, S. C., and Mikkelsen, S.-E., 1995, “Performance and Emissions of a 0.273 Liter Direct Injection Diesel Engine Fueled with Neat Dimethyl Ether,” SAE Paper 950964.
Hansen, J. B., Voss, B., Joensen, F., and Sigurdardóttir, D., “Large Scale Manufacture of Dimethyl Ether—a New Alternative Diesel Fuel from Natural Gas,” SAE Paper 950063.
Fleisch, T., McCarthy, C., Basu, A., Udovich, C., Charbonneau, P., Slodowske, W., Mikkelsen, S.-E., and McCandless, J., 1995, “A New Clean Diesel Technology: Demonstration of ULEV Emissions on a Navistar Diesel Engine Fueled with Dimethyl Ether,” SAE Paper 950061.
Kapus, P., and Ofner, H., 1995, “Development of Fuel Injection Equipment and Combustion System for DI Diesels Operated on Dimethyl Ether,” SAE Paper 950062.
Kapus, P., and Cartellieri, W., 1995, “ULEV Potential of a DI/TCI Diesel Passenger Car Engine Operated on Dimethyl Ether,” SAE Paper 952754.
Mikkelsen, S.-E., Sorenson, S. C., and Hansen, J. B., 1996, Dimethyl Ether as an Alternate Fuel for Diesel Engines, Application of Powertrain and Fuel Technologies to Meet Emissions Standards, Institution of Mechanical Engineers, London, pp. 289–298.
Christensen, R., 1996, “DME as a Fuel in a DI Diesel Engine,” MS thesis, Report ET-EP 96-24, Dept. of Energy Engineering, Technical University of Denmark. (In Danish).
Katijani, S., Chen, Z. L., Kono, M., and Rhee, K. T., 1997, “Engine Performance and Exhaust Characteristics of a Direct-Injection Diesel Engine Operated with DME,” SAE Paper 972973.
Glensvig, M., Sorenson, S. C., and Abata, D. L., 1996, “High Pressure Injection of DME,” in Alternative Fuels, Vol. 27-3, ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division, p. 57.
Sorenson, S. C., Glensvig, M., Abata, D. L., 1998, “Dimethyl Ether in Diesel Fuel Injection Systems,” SAE Paper 981159.
Hiroyasu, H., Kadota, T., and Arai, M., 1983, “Development and use of a Spray Combustion Modeling to Predict Diesel Engine Efficiency and Pollutant Emissions, Parts 1 & 2. Bulletin of the ASME, Vol. 26, papers 214–12 and 214–15.
Edgar, B. L., Dibble, R. W., and Naegli, D. W., 1997, “Autoignition of Dimethyl Ether and Dimethoxy Methane sprays at High Pressures,” SAE Paper 971677.
Christensen, R., Sorenson, S. C., Jensen, M. G., and Hansen, K. F., 1997, “Engine Operation on Dimethyl Ether in a Naturally Aspirated, DI Diesel Engine,” SAE Paper 971665.
Turns, S. R., 1996, “Introduction to Combustion, Concepts and Applications,” McGraw-Hill, NY.
Schlicting, H., 1960, Boundary Layer Theory, McGraw-Hill, NY.
Assanis, D., and Heywood, J. B., Jr., 1986, “Development and use of a Computer Simulation of the Turbocompounded Diesel System for Engine Performance and Component Heat Transfer Studies, SAE paper 860329.
Woschni, G., 1967, “A Universally Applicable Equation for the Instantaneous Heat Transfer Coefficient in the Internal Combustion Engine,” SAE Paper 670931.
Olikara, C., and G. L. Borman, 1974, “A Computer Program for Calculating Properties of Equilibrium Combustion Products with Some Applications of IC Engines,” SAE paper 740468.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Spray properties and geometry
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Relative fuel concentrations as a function of location for the jet model
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Schematic diagram of the spray division
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Comparison of experimental and predicted rate of heat release at 2010 rpm, 643 kPa BMEP, injection at 12 deg BTDC
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Comparison of experimental and predicted rate of heat release at 1988 rpm, 634 kPa BMEP, injection at 6 deg BTDC
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Comparison of experimental and predicted rate of heat release at 1989 rpm, 638 kPa BMEP, injection at 3 deg BTDC
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Comparison of experimental and predicted rate of heat release at 1986 rpm, 359 kPa BMEP, injection at 6 deg BTDC
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of experimental and predicted rate of heat release at 2022 rpm, 183 kPa BMEP, injection at 6 deg BTDC

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