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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Internal Combustion Engines

Formaldehyde Characterization Utilizing In-Cylinder Sampling in a Large Bore Natural Gas Engine

[+] Author and Article Information
D. B. Olsen, J. C. Holden, G. C. Hutcherson, B. D. Willson

Engines and Energy Conversion Laboratory, Mechanical Engineering Department, Colorado State University, Ft. Collins, CO 80523

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 123(3), 669-676 (Dec 07, 2000) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1363601 History: Received July 11, 2000; Revised December 07, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Coerr, L. F., Coerr, S. P., and Clowney, S. L., 1998, “EPA’s Regulation of Air Toxic Emissions Under the Industrial Combustion Coordinated Rulemaking (ICCR),” Proceedings of the 1998 Spring Technical Conference of the ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division, Vol. 1, Paper No. 98-ICE-79.
Olsen, D. B., and Mitchell, C. E., 1998, “Factors Affecting Measured CH2O in Large Bore Natural Gas Engines,” Proceedings of the 1998 Spring Technical Conference of the ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division, Vol. 1, Paper No. 98-ICE-81.
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Shareef, G. S., Ferry, K. R., Gundappa, M., Leatherwood, C. A., Ogle, L. D., Campbell, L. M., 1996, “Measurement of Air Toxic Emissions from Natural Gas-Fired Internal Combustion Engines at Natural Gas Transmission and Storage Facilities, Vol. 1,” Gas Research Institute, GRI-96/0009.1, Chicago, Illinois.
LoRusso,  J. A., Kaiser,  E. W., and Lavoie,  G. A., 1983, “In-Cylinder Measurements of Wall Layer Hydrocarbons in a Spark Ignited Engine,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 33, pp. 75–112.
Tobis, B. J., Meyer, R., Yang, J., Brehob, D. D., and Anderson, R. W., 1994, “Scavenging of a Firing Two-Stroke Spark-Ignition Engine,” Society of Automotive Engineers, Paper No. 940393.
Kannappan, A., 1964, “A New Method for Evaluating the Scavenging Performance of Two-Stroke Diesel Engines,” Society of Automotive Engineers, Paper No. 640370.
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Houtsma, C. G., et al., 1950, “Correlation of Scavenging Ratio and Scavenging Efficiency in 2-Stroke Compression-Ignition Engine,” MIT thesis, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
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Gatowski, J. A., Balles, E. N., Chun, K. M., Nelson, F. E., Ekchian, J. A., and Heywood, J. B., 1984, “Heat Release Analysis of Engine Pressure Data,” Society of Automotive Engineers, Paper No. 841359.
Karim, G. A., Ito, K., Abraham, M., and Jensen, L., 1991, “An Examination of the Role of Formaldehyde in the Ignition Process of a Dual Fuel Engine,” Society of Automotive Engineers, Paper No. 912367.
Mitchell, C. E., and Olsen, D. B., 1998, “Formaldehyde Formation Mechanisms in Large Bore Natural Gas Engines,” ASME-ICE Conference April 1998, Paper No. 98-ICE 80.
Ruy, C., 1994, “Zur ReactionKinetik bei der Erdgas/Methan-Verbrennung im Hinblick auf das Zwischenprodukt Formaldehyde,” GASWARME International, March 1994, Vol. 43, No. 3, pp. 102–109.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fast sample valve CO2 and H2O measurements vs. crank angle
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Fast sample valve measurements of CH2O, THC, and CO during expansion
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Formaldehyde measurements for four different sampling techniques
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The Cooper Bessemer GMV-4TF large bore natural gas engine at the EECL
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Piston and cylinder for GMV-4TF showing the spark-plug hole and air-start, intake, and exhaust ports
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Large sampling valve system schematic
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Fast sampling valve system schematic
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Sample timing and duration for various sampling techniques
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Fast sample valve formaldehyde measurements vs. crank angle at 330 kW (440 hp) and 300 rpm

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