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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Coal, Biomass, and Alternative Fuels

Integration of Advanced Gas Turbines in Pulp and Paper Mills for Increased Power Generation

[+] Author and Article Information
K. Maunsbach, A. Isaksson, J. Yan, G. Svedberg

Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology/Energy Processes, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

L. Eidensten

Vattenfall Utveckling AB, Stockholm, Sweden

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 123(4), 734-740 (Jan 01, 2001) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1359773 History: Received February 01, 2000; Revised January 01, 2001
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Wiberg, R., 1995, “Energiförbrukning i massa-och pappersindustrin 1994,” “Energy Consumption in the Pulp and Paper Industry 1994,” ÅF-IPK, Stockholm (in Swedish).
Larson, E. D., Kreutz, T. G., and Consonni, S., 1998, “Combined Biomass and Black Liquor Gasifier/Gas Turbine Cogeneration at Pulp and Paper Mills,” ASME Paper No. 98-GT-339.
Larson, E. D., Consonni, S., and Kreutz, T. G., 1998, “Preliminary Economics of Black Liquor Gasifier/Gas Turbine Cogeneration at Pulp and Paper Mills,” The 43rd ASME Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress, Stockholm, Sweden, June.
Berglin, N., and Berntsson, T., 1997, “Energisystemkonsekvenser och processintegrationsaspekter av svartlutsförgasning,” “Energy System Consequences and Process Integration-Aspects of Black Liquor Gasification,” Slutrapport till forskningsprogram Sulfatåtervinning /Svartluts-förgasning, ISSN 1103-2952, Stockholm (in Swedish).
Ihrén, N., and Svedberg, G., 1994, “Simulation of Combined Cycles with Black Liquor Gasification,” ASME Paper No. 94-GT-447.
Maunsbach, K., Svedberg, G., and Martin, V., 1999, “Gasification of Black Liquor and Biomass in a Pulp Mill for Increased Power Generation,” The 6th New Available Technologies Conference, SPCI’99, Stockholm, June.
Lensink, M., 1997, “Small Cogen System Solves Energy Reliability Dilemma at Sonoco Mill,” Pulp & Paper, August.
Kellerer, A., and Spangenberg, Ch., 1998, “Operating Experience with a Cheng-Cycle Unit,” VGB PowerTech, No. 11, pp. 16–22.
Tuzson, J., 1991, “Status of Steam injected Gas Turbines,” ASME-COGEN-TURBO, IGTI, Vol. 6.
Harvey, S., Abdallah, H., and Faccini, B., 1998, “Part Load Performance of Chemically Recuperated Gas Turbine Cycles Compared to Other Advanced Cycles,” ASME Paper No. 98-GT-037.
Brown, R. M., and Gray, R. H., 1987, “Aero-derivative gas turbines gaining industry favor,” Paper Industry Management Association, v69, n7, July, pp. 17–21.
Kasseborn, B., 1991, “Retrofitted Gas Turbine to a Steam Electric Unit of a Paper Mill Solves Environmental and Economic Problems,” ASME-COGEN-TURBO, IGTI, Vol. 6.
Schobesberger, P., Gasteiger, G., and Budin, K., 1991, “Combined Cycle power Plants with Special Respect to the Heat Recovery Steam Generator on the Basis of the Steyrermühl Power Plant,” ASME-COGEN-TURBO, IGTI, Vol. 6.
Ågren, N., 1997, “Simulation and Design of Advanced Air-Water Mixture Gas Turbine Cycles,” Licentiate Treatise, TRITA-KET R74, ISSN 1104-3466, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
Yan, J., and Eidensten, L., 1994, “Performance Evaluation of Biomass Externally Fired Evaporative Gas Turbine System,” ASME-COGEN-TURBO, IGTI, Vol 9.
Yan, J., Eidensten, L., and Svedberg, G., 1996, “Externally Fired Evaporative Gas Turbine with a Condensing Heat Exchanger,” ASME Paper No. 96-GT-77.
Ågren, N., Westermark, M., Bartlett, M., and Lindquist, T., 2000, “First Experiments on an Evaporative Gas Turbine Pilot Power Plant-Water Circuit Chemistry and Humidification Evaluation,” ASME Paper No. 00-GT-168.
Delin, L., 1998, “Energibalanser för referensfabrik,” “Energy Balances for the Reference Mill,” KAM-report B26, ÅF-IPK AB, Stockholm (in Swedish).
Strömberg, J., Berglin, N., and Berntsson, T., 1997, “Using Process Integration to Approach the Minimum Impact Pulp Mill,” Proceedings, Environmental Conference and Exhibit, Minneapolis, May 5–7.
Berglin,  N., and Berntsson,  T., 1998, Appl. Therm. Eng.,18, No. 11, pp. 947–961.
Gas Turbine World, 1998–1999, Handbook, Vol. 19, a Pequot Publication.
Nilson, P. A., 1996, “Ekonomisk studie av EvGT för kraft-resp kraftvärmeanläggning,” “Economics of EvGT for Heat and Power Plants,” EvGT-projektet, Block 3 (in Swedish).

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
A simple steam injected gas turbine (STIG)
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The reference pulp mill energy system. (The dashed line represents the condensing turbine which is not used in the average mills of 1994.)
Grahic Jump Location
Part in Fig. 3 replaced for steam injection
Grahic Jump Location
The externally fired evaporative gas turbine cycle
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Steam demand vs power surplus in the kraft pulp mill
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Steam demand vs power surplus in the integrated pulp and paper mill

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