TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Combustion and Fuels

Deposit Formation and Mitigation in Aircraft Fuels

[+] Author and Article Information
L. J. Spadaccini, D. R. Sobel, H. Huang

United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, CT

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 123(4), 741-746 (Mar 01, 1999) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1383772 History: Received October 01, 1998; Revised March 01, 1999
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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Balster,  W. J., and Jones,  E. G., 1998, “Effect of Temperature on Formation of Insolubles in Aviation Fuels,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 120, pp. 289–293.
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Heneghan,  S. P., Locklear,  S. L., Geiger,  D. L., Anderson,  S. D., and Schultz,  W. D., 1993, “Static Tests of Jet Fuel Thermal and Oxidative Stability,” AIAA J. of Propulsion and Power, 9, No. 1, pp. 5–9.
Ely, J. F., and Huber, M. L., 1990, NIST Standard Reference Database 4–NIST Thermophysical Properties of Hydrocarbon Mixtures, U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD.
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Jones,  E. G., Balster,  W. J., and Pickard,  J. M., 1996, “Surface Fouling in Aviation Fuels: An Isothermal Chemical Study,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 118, pp. 286–291.
Sobel,  D. R., and Spadaccini,  L. J., 1997, “Hydrocarbon Fuel Cooling Technologies for Advanced Propulsion,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 119, pp. 344–351.
Bradley, R., Bankhead, R., and Bucher, W., 1974, “High Temperature Hydrocarbon Fuels Research in an Advanced Aircraft Fuel System Simulator on Fuel AFFB-14-70,” Report AFAPL-TR-73-95, Air Force Aero Propulsion Laboratory, WPAFB, OH.


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Fuel temperature distribution
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Representative deposition profile
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Effect of passage size on deposition
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Effect of flow rate on deposition
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Effect of space velocity on deposition
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Effect of heat flux on deposition
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Deposit profiles in large-teardrop pin fins
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Deposit profiles in coke-tolerant designs
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Multiple heated-tube coking rig
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Deposition rate for jet fuel



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