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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Combustion and Fuels

In Situ Detailed Chemistry Calculations in Combustor Flow Analyses

[+] Author and Article Information
S. James, M. S. Anand, M. K. Razdan

Rolls-Royce Allison, P.O. Box 420, Speed Code T-14, Indianapolis, IN 46206

S. B. Pope

Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 123(4), 747-756 (Mar 01, 1999) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1384878 History: Received October 01, 1998; Revised March 01, 1999
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Chen,  J. Y., Kollmann,  W., and Dibble,  R. W., 1989, “PDF Modeling of Turbulent Nonpremixed Methane Jet Flames,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 64, pp. 315–346.
Anand, M. S., James, S., and Razdan, M. K., 1998, “A Scalar PDF Combustion Model for the National Combustion Code,” AIAA paper AIAA-98-3856.
Norris, A. T., 1998, “Automatic Simplification of Full Chemical Mechanisms: Implementation in National Combustion Code,” AIAA paper AIAA-98-3987.
Pope,  S. B., 1997, “Computationally Efficient Implementation of Combustion Chemistry Using in situ Adaptive Tabulation,” Combust. Theory Modell., 1, pp. 41–63.
Saxena, V., and Pope, S. B., 1998, “PDF Simulations of Turbulent Combustion Incorporating Detailed Chemistry,” Combust. Flame, to be published.
Hsu, A. T., Anand, M. S., and Razdan, M. K., 1996, “An Assessment of PDF Versus Finite-Volume Methods for Turbulent Reacting Flow Calculations,” AIAA paper AIAA-96-0523.
Hsu, A. T., Anand, M. S., and Razdan, M. K., 1997, “Calculation of a Premixed Swirl Combustor Using the PDF Method,” 42nd ASME Gas Turbine and Aero Engines Congress, Orlando, FL.
Pope,  S. B., 1976, “The Probability Approach to Modeling of Turbulent Reacting Flows,” Combust. Flame, 27, pp. 299–312.
Pope, S. B., 1981, “A Monte-Carlo Method for the PDF Equation of Turbulent Reactive Flow,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 25 .
Pope,  S. B., 1985, “PDF Methods for Turbulent Reacting Flows,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 11, pp. 119–192.
Masri,  A. R., Bilger,  R. W., and Dibble,  R. W., 1988, “Turbulent Nonpremixed Flames of Methane Near Extinction: Mean Structure From Raman Measurements,” Combust. Flame, 71, pp. 245–266.
Masri, A. R., Subramanium, S., and Pope, S. B., 1996, “A Mixing Model to Improve the PDF Simulations of Turbulent Diffusion Flames,” Proceedings of 26rd Symp. (Int.) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, PA.
Karki, K. C., and Patankar, S. V., 1988, “Calculation Procedure for Viscous Incompressible Flows in Complex Geometries,” Numer. Heat Transfer, 14 .
Yang,  B., and Pope,  S. B., 1998, “An Investigation of the Accuracy of Manifold Methods and Splitting Schemes in the Computational Implementation of Combustion Chemistry,” Combust. Flame, 112, pp. 16–32.
Chen, J. Y., and Law, C. K., 1998, poster, Proceedings of 27th Symp. (Int.) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, PA.
Bowman, C. T., Hanson, R. K., Davidson, D. F., Gardiner, Jr., W. C., Lissianski, V., Smith, G. P., Golden, D. M., Frenklach, M., and Goldenberg, M., 1995. http://www.me.berkeley.edu/gri_mech.
Barlow, R. S., and Frank, J. H., 1998, “Effects of Turbulence on Species Mass Fractions in Methane/Air Jet Flames,” Proceedings of 27th Symp. (Int.) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, PA.
Pope,  S. B., 1978, “An Explanation of the Turbulent Round-Jet/Plane-Jet Anomaly,” AIAA J., 16, pp. 279–281.
Barlow, R. S., and Chen, J. Y., 1998, “Third International Workshop on Measurement and Computation for Turbulent Nonpremixed Flames,” http://www.ca.sandia.gov/tdf/3rdWorkshop/Boulder.html.
Puri, R., Stansel, D. M., Smith, D. A., and Razdan, M. K., 1995, “Dry Ultra-Low NOx Green Thumb Combustor for Allison’s 501-K Series Industrial Engines,” ASME paper 95-GT-406.
Shih,  T. H., Zhu,  J., and Lumley,  J. L., 1996, “Calculation of Wall-Bounded Complex Flows and Free Shear Flows,” Int. J. Numer. Methods Fluids, 23, pp. 1–12.

Figures

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Contours of the Favre mean temperature in the flowfield
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Radial profiles of mean mixture fraction from calculations with the C1 and the arm mechanism; (a) X/D=7.5, (b) X/D=15, and (c) X/D=30
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Radial profiles of mean temperature; (a) X/D=7.5, (b) X/D=15, and (c) X/D=30
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Radial profiles of mean CO2 mass fraction; (a) X/D=7.5, (b) X/D=15, and (c) X/D=30
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Radial profiles of mean CO mass fraction; (a) X/D=7.5, (b) X/D=15, and (c) X/D=30
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Radial profiles of the variance of mixture fraction; (a) X/D=7.5, (b) X/D=15, and (c) X/D=30
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Radial profiles of the rms of T; (a) X/D=7.5, (b) X/D=15, and (c) X/D=30
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Conditional expectation of T; (a) X/D=7.5, (b) X/D=15, and (c) X/D=30
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Conditional expectation of CO; (a) X/D=7.5, (b) X/D=15, and (c) X/D=30
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Cross-stream profiles of (a) mean axial velocity and (b) mean swirl velocity at X=0.221 m
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Cross-stream profiles of (a) mean axial velocity and (b) mean swirl velocity at X=0.297 m
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Contours of the Favre mean temperature and sample steamtraces in the premix combustor
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Cross-stream profiles of mean temperature at (a) X=0.221 m and (b) X=0.297 m
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Evolution of the number of records; (a) jet diffusion flame and (b) premix combustor
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Fraction of the CPU time spent in ISAT for the jet diffusion flame
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Speed-up factor of ISAT over DI for the jet diffusion flame

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