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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Cycle Innovations

Assessment of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Models and Integration With Gas and Steam Cycles

[+] Author and Article Information
A. F. Massardo

Dipartimento di Macchine, Sistemi Energetici e Trasporti, Universita di Genova, Genova, Italy e-mail: massardo@unige.it

B. Bosio

Dipartimento di Ingegneria Ambientale, Universita di Genova, Genova, Italye-mail: bosio@diam.unige.it

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 124(1), 103-109 (Feb 01, 2001) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1398551 History: Received November 01, 1999; Revised February 01, 2001
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Parodi, F., Alvarez, T., Bosio, B., Passalacqua, B., Simon, J., and Zappaterra, M., 1999, “Recent Achievements of MOLCARE Programme: Conditioning and Preliminary Testing of the 100 kW MCFC Stack,” 3rd IFCC, Nagoya Congress Center, Japan.
Torazza, A., Rocchini, G., and Scagliotti, M., 1998, “Present Status of Some Technological Activities Supporting MOLCARE Project,” Proc. of Fuel Cell Seminar, Palm Spring, Orlando, FL, p. 390.
Bosio,  B., Costamagna,  P., Parodi,  F., and Passalacqua,  B., 1998, “Industrial Experience on the Development of the Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Technology,” J. Power Sources, 74, No. 2, pp. 175–187.
Bosio,  B., Costamagna,  P., and Parodi,  F., 1999, “Modeling and Experimentation of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Reactors in a Scale-Up Process,” Chem. Eng. Sci. 54/13, pp. 2913–2922.
Bedont, P., 1999, “Modellizzazione di celle a combustibile a carbonati fusi ed integrazione con impianti per la conversione di energia,” degree thesis, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.
Agazzani,  A., and Massardo,  A. F., 1997, “A Tool for Thermoeconomic Analysis and Optimization of Gas, Steam and Combined Plants,” ASME Trans. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 119, pp. 885–892.
Massardo,  A. F., and Scialo,  M., 2000, “Thermoeconomic Analysis of Gas Turbine Based Cycles,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 122, pp. 27–35.
Bosio, B., Parodi, F., Arato, E., and Costamagna, P., 1999, “Process Analysis of a Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Pilot Plan,” Proc. of ICheaP4 Conference, Firenze (Italy), pp. 651–654.
Arato, E., Bosio, B., Massa, R., and Parodi, F., 1999, “From Square to Rectangular Cells in a MCFC Scale-Up Process: Experimental and Simulation Results Optimizing Operating Conditions,” Sixth Grove Fuel Cell Symposium, London.
Wilson, D. G., and Korakianitis, T., 1997, The Design of High Efficiency Turbomachinery and Gas Turbines, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
Massardo, A. F., 1999, “Gas Turbine Power Stations,” John Wiley Encyclopedia of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, J. Webster, Ed., Vol. 8, John Wiley and Sons, New York, pp. 258–270.
Massardo,  A. F., and Lubelli,  F., 2000, “Internal Reforming Solid Oxide Fuel Cell—Gas Turbine Combined Cycles (IRSOFC-GT). Part A: Cell Model and Cycle Thermodynamic Analysis,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 122, pp. 664–671.
Massardo, A. F., and Magistri, L., 2001, “Internal Reforming Solid Oxide Fuel Cell—Gas Turbine Combined Cycles (IRSOFC-GT). Part B: Exergy and Thermoeconomic Analysis,” ASME Paper No. 01-GT-0380.

Figures

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Simplified scheme of the MCFC-CU with simulation results related to nominal operating conditions (compositions are reported as volumetric fractions)
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Solid temperature (K) distribution on the plane of a stack cell calculated at operating conditions of Case 1 in Table 1 by means of the detailed MCFC model
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Comparison of detailed and simplified MCFC model results
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Comparison of referenced and calculated temperatures using code TEMP (12)
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MCFC-GT layout (GT=gas turbine)
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MCFC-SI layout (SI=steam injection)
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MCFC-1PL layout (1PL=one pressure level)
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MCFC-1PL power and efficiency versus steam pressure
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MCFC-2PL efficiency versus SHP (steam high pressure) and SLP (steam low pressure)
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Irreversibility rate distributions: 1=fuel cells; 2=SHR; 3=ECB and CCB; 4=blowers; 5=gas mixing; 6=gas turbine; 7=HRSG; 8=steam turbine; 9=stack
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MCFC combined cycle specific work versus PCR
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MCFC combined cycle efficiency versus PCR
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MCFC power to plant power ratio versus PCR
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Comparison between GT, combined cycle, and MCFC combined cycles

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