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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Cycle Innovations

Microturbine/Fuel-Cell Coupling for High-Efficiency Electrical-Power Generation

[+] Author and Article Information
A. F. Massardo

DISMET Universita di Genova, Via Montallegro 1, 16145 Genova, Italye-mail: massardo@unige.it

C. F. McDonald

McDonald Thermal Engineering, 1730 Castellana Road, La Jolla, CA 92037-3838e-mail: kmcdonal@san.rr.com

T. Korakianitis

Washington University, Cambus Box 1185, St. Louis, MO 63130e-mail: tk@me.wustl.edu

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 124(1), 110-116 (Feb 01, 2000) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1398552 History: Received November 01, 1999; Revised February 01, 2000
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

de Biasi, V., 1998, “Low Cost and High Efficiency Make 30 to 80 kW Microturbines Attractive,” Gas Turbine World, Jan.–Feb., 1999, pp. 26–31.
Craig, P., 1997, “The Capstone Turbogenerator as an Alternative Power Source,” SAE Paper No. 970202.
McDonald, C. F., 2000, “Low Cost Recuperator Concept for Microturbine Applications,” to be published.
Rodgers, C., 1997, “Turbochargers to Small Gas Turbines,” ASME Paper No. 97-GT-200.
McDonald,  C. F., 1996, “Heat Exchangers for Very Small Gas Turbines,” Intl. J. Turbo Jet Eng., 13, No. 4, pp. 239–261.
McDonald, C. F., 1999, “Emergence of Recuperated Gas Turbines for Power Generation,” ASME Paper No. 99-GT-67.
R&D Magazine, 1998, “Energy Spending Proposals Being Weighted by Congress,” Apr., pp. 22–26.
McDonald, C. F., 1997, “Ceramic Heat Exchangers—The Key to High Efficiency in Very Small Gas Turbines,” ASME Paper No. 97-GT-463.
Moore,  T., 1997, “Market Potential High for Fuel Cells,” EPRI J., 22, No. 3, pp. 6–17.
Scientific American, 1999, “The Future of Fuel Cells,” July, 72–83.
Modern Power Systems, 1998, “Westervoort SOFC: The Road to Commercialization,” May, pp. 29–32.
Bevc, F. P., et al., 1996, “Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Combined Cycles,” ASME Paper No. 97-GT-447.
Stephenson, D., and Ritchey, I., 1997, “Parametric Study of Fuel Cell and Gas Turbine Combined Cycle Performance,” ASME Paper No. 97-GT-340.
Veyo, S. O., and Lundberg, W. L., 1999, “Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Power System Cycles,” ASME Paper No. 99-GT-419.
Liese, E. A., et al., 1999, “Technical Development Issues and Dynamic Modeling of Gas Turbine and Fuel Cell Hybrid Systems,” ASME Paper No. 99-GT-360.
White, D. J., 1999, “Hybrid Gas Turbine and Fuel Cell Systems in Perspective Review,” ASME Paper No. 99-GT-410.
Ali, S. A., and Moritz, R. R., 1999, “The Hybrid Cycle: Integration of Turbomachinery With a Fuel Cell,” ASME Paper No. 99-GT-361.
Campanari, S., and Macchi, E., 1998, “Thermodynamic Analysis of Advanced Power Cycles Based Upon Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and Gas Turbines and Ranking Bottoming Cycles,” ASME Paper No. 98-GT-585.
Massardo, A. F., and Lubelli, F., 1998, “Internal Reforming Solid Oxide Fuel Cell—Gas Turbine Combined Cycles (IRSOFC-GT), Part A: Cell Model and Cycle Thermodynamic Analysis,” ASME Paper No. 98-GT-577.
Campanari, S., 1999, “Full Load and Part Load Performance Prediction for Integrated SOFC and Microturbine Systems,” ASME Paper No. 99-GT-65.
Campanari, S., and Macchi, E., 1999, “The Combination of SOFC and Microturbine for Civil and Industrial Cogeneration,” ASME Paper No. 99-GT-84.
Leeper, J. D., 1999, “The Hybrid Cycle: Integration of a Fuel Cell With a Gas Turbine,” ASME Paper No. 99-GT-430.
de Biasi, V., 1999, “250 kW Fuel Cell-Gas Turbine Hybrid to Start Operational Testing,” Gas Turbine World, July–Aug., pp. 12–16.
Rodgers, C., 1993, “Small (10–200 kW) Turbogenerator Design Considerations,” ASME COGEN-TURBO, IGTI Vol. 8, ASME, New York.
McDonald, C. F., 1997, “A Leak-Proof Plate-Fin Heat Exchanger Concept for Process Industries,” Proceedings of 32nd IECEC Conference, Vol. 2, American Institute of Chemical Engineers, New York, pp. 1497–1502.
Armstrong,  L., 1999, “Energy Ideas for the 21st Century,” Bus. Week, 23, p. 84.
Rodgers, C., 2000, “25-5 kW Microturbine Design Considerations,” to be published.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Projected recuperated microturbine performance
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Microturbine performance evolution
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Solid-oxide fuel cell (SOFC) principle/model
Grahic Jump Location
Flow schematic of hybrid microturbine/fuel-cell power plant
Grahic Jump Location
Estimated solid-oxide fuel cell performance
Grahic Jump Location
Microturbine with compact rear-mounted recuperator installation (courtesy Elliott Energy Systems)
Grahic Jump Location
Microturbine concept, power output 5 kW (courtesy C. Rodgers, ITC, 1999)

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